Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (; 6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was an English poet. He was the Poet Laureate during much of Queen Victoria's reign. In 1829, Tennyson was awarded the Chancellor's Gold Medal at Cambridge for one of his first pieces, "Timbuktu". He published his first solo collection of poems, Poems, Chiefly Lyrical, in 1830. "Claribel" and "Mariana", which remain some of Tennyson's most celebrated poems, were included in this volume. Although described by some critics as overly sentimental, his verse soon proved popular and brought Tennyson to the attention of well-known writers of the day, including Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Tennyson's early poetry, with its medievalism and powerful visual imagery, was a major influence on the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Tennyson also excelled at short lyrics, such as "Break, Break, Break", "The Charge of the Light Brigade", "Tears, Idle Tears", and "Crossing the Bar". Much of his verse was based on classical mythological themes, such as "Ulysses". "In Memoriam A.H.H." was written to commemorate his friend Arthur Hallam, a fellow poet and student at Trinity College, Cambridge, after he died of a stroke at the age of 22. Tennyson also wrote some notable blank verse including Idylls of the King, "Ulysses", and "Tithonus". During his career, Tennyson attempted drama, but his plays enjoyed little success.
A number of phrases from Tennyson's work have become commonplace in the English language, including "Nature, red in tooth and claw" ("In Memoriam A.H.H."), "'Tis better to have loved and lost / Than never to have loved at all", "Theirs not to reason why, / Theirs but to do and die", "My strength is as the strength of ten, / Because my heart is pure", "To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield", "Knowledge comes, but Wisdom lingers", and "The old order changeth, yielding place to new". He is the ninth most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations.
The Lady of Shalott (1976)
My Favorite Wife (1940)
The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936)
Lady Godiva (1921)
A Dream of Fair Women (1920)
Naked Hearts (1916)
Enoch Arden (1915)
The Lady of Shalott (1915)
Lady Clare (1912)
Lady Godiva (1911)
Enoch Arden (1911)
Enoch Arden: Part II (1911)
Enoch Arden: Part I (1911)
The Golden Supper (1910)
After Many Years (1908)
Deathday1892-10-06 (83 years old)
Place of birthSomersby, United Kingdom
SpouseEmily Tennyson, Lady Tennyson
Children[Unnamed] Tennyson, Lionel Tennyson, Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson
FatherGeorge Clayton Tennyson
SiblingsCharles Tennyson Turner, Frederick Tennyson, Emilia Tennyson, Cecilia Tennyson, Horatio Tennyson, Arthur Tennyson, Mary Tennyson, Emily Tennyson, George Tennyson, Edward Tennyson, Matilda Tennyson, Septimus Tennyson
CitizenshipsUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Also known asLord Alfred Tennyson, Alfred, Lord Tennyson
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society
This article uses material from Wikipedia.