Mary Shelley

Mary Shelley

Gender: Female
Known for: Writing
Birthday: 1797-08-30
Deathday: 1851-02-01 (53 years old)

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Biography

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (UK: ; née Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist who wrote the Gothic novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818), which is considered an early example of science fiction. She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin and her mother was the philosopher and feminist activist Mary Wollstonecraft.Shelley's mother died less than a month after giving birth to her. She was raised by her father, who provided her with a rich if informal education, encouraging her to adhere to his own anarchist political theories. When she was four, her father married a neighbour, Mary Jane Clairmont, with whom Shelley came to have a troubled relationship.In 1814, Shelley began a romance with one of her father's political followers, Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was already married. Together with her stepsister, Claire Clairmont, she and Percy left for France and travelled through Europe. Upon their return to England, Shelley was pregnant with Percy's child. Over the next two years, she and Percy faced ostracism, constant debt and the death of their prematurely born daughter. They married in late 1816, after the suicide of Percy Shelley's first wife, Harriet.In 1816, the couple and Mary's stepsister famously spent a summer with Lord Byron and John William Polidori near Geneva, Switzerland, where Shelley conceived the idea for her novel Frankenstein. The Shelleys left Britain in 1818 for Italy, where their second and third children died before Shelley gave birth to her last and only surviving child, Percy Florence Shelley. In 1822, her husband drowned when his sailing boat sank during a storm near Viareggio. A year later, Shelley returned to England and from then on devoted herself to the upbringing of her son and a career as a professional author. The last decade of her life was dogged by illness, most likely caused by the brain tumour which killed her at age 53.Until the 1970s, Shelley was known mainly for her efforts to publish her husband's works and for her novel Frankenstein, which remains widely read and has inspired many theatrical and film adaptations. Recent scholarship has yielded a more comprehensive view of Shelley's achievements. Scholars have shown increasing interest in her literary output, particularly in her novels, which include the historical novels Valperga (1823) and Perkin Warbeck (1830), the apocalyptic novel The Last Man (1826) and her final two novels, Lodore (1835) and Falkner (1837). Studies of her lesser-known works, such as the travel book Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844) and the biographical articles for Dionysius Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia (1829–1846), support the growing view that Shelley remained a political radical throughout her life. Shelley's works often argue that cooperation and sympathy, particularly as practised by women in the family, were the ways to reform civil society. This view was a direct challenge to the individualistic Romantic ethos promoted by Percy Shelley and the Enlightenment political theories articulated by her father, William Godwin.

Early Life

Mary Shelley was born Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin in Somers Town, London, in 1797. She was the second child of the feminist philosopher, educator, and writer Mary Wollstonecraft and the first child of the philosopher, novelist, and journalist William Godwin. Wollstonecraft died of puerperal fever shortly after Mary was born. Godwin was left to bring up Mary, along with her older half-sister, Fanny Imlay, Wollstonecraft's child by the American speculator Gilbert Imlay. A year after Wollstonecraft's death, Godwin published his Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1798), which he intended as a sincere and compassionate tribute. However, because the Memoirs revealed Wollstonecraft's affairs and her illegitimate child, they were seen as shocking. Mary Godwin read these memoirs and her mother's books, and was brought up to cherish her mother's memory.Mary's earliest years were happy, judging from the letters of William Godwin's housekeeper and nurse, Louisa Jones. But Godwin was often deeply in debt; feeling that he could not raise the children by himself, he cast about for a second wife. In December 1801, he married Mary Jane Clairmont, a well-educated woman with two young children of her own—Charles and Claire. Most of Godwin's friends disliked his new wife, describing her as quick-tempered and quarrelsome; but Godwin was devoted to her, and the marriage was a success. Mary Godwin, on the other hand, came to detest her stepmother. William Godwin's 19th-century biographer Charles Kegan Paul later suggested that Mrs Godwin had favoured her own children over those of Mary Wollstonecraft.Together, the Godwins started a publishing firm called M. J. Godwin, which sold children's books as well as stationery, maps, and games. However, the business did not turn a profit, and Godwin was forced to borrow substantial sums to keep it going. He continued to borrow to pay off earlier loans, compounding his problems. By 1809, Godwin's business was close to failure, and he was "near to despair". Godwin was saved from debtor's prison by philosophical devotees such as Francis Place, who lent him further money.Though Mary Godwin received little formal education, her father tutored her in a broad range of subjects. He often took the children on educational outings, and they had access to his library and to the many intellectuals who visited him, including the Romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge and the former vice-president of the United States Aaron Burr. Godwin admitted he was not educating the children according to Mary Wollstonecraft's philosophy as outlined in works such as A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), but Mary Godwin nonetheless received an unusual and advanced education for a girl of the time. She had a governess, a daily tutor, and read many of her father's children's books on Roman and Greek history in manuscript. For six months in 1811, she also attended a boarding school in Ramsgate. Her father described her at age 15 as "singularly bold, somewhat imperious, and active of mind. Her desire of knowledge is great, and her perseverance in everything she undertakes almost invincible."In June 1812, Mary's father sent her to stay with the dissenting family of the radical William Baxter, near Dundee, Scotland. To Baxter, he wrote, "I am anxious that she should be brought up ... like a philosopher, even like a cynic." Scholars have speculated that she may have been sent away for her health, to remove her from the seamy side of the business, or to introduce her to radical politics. Mary Godwin revelled in the spacious surroundings of Baxter's house and in the companionship of his four daughters, and she returned north in the summer of 1813 for a further stay of 10 months. In the 1831 introduction to Frankenstein, she recalled: "I wrote then—but in a most common-place style. It was beneath the trees of the grounds belonging to our house, or on the bleak sides of the woodless mountains near, that my true compositions, the airy flights of my imagination, were born and fostered."

Filmography

All 76

Movies 74

Writter 58

TV shows 2

Writer
Depraved (2019)

Depraved (2019)

Movie
6
Writer
The Reckoning of Darkness (2019)

The Reckoning of Darkness (2019)

Movie
Writer
Canavar Gibi (2018)

Canavar Gibi (2018)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein (2016)

Frankenstein (2016)

Movie
Writer
Victor Frankenstein (2015)

Victor Frankenstein (2015)

Movie
6
Writer
Frankenstein (2015)

Frankenstein (2015)

Movie
Writer
I, Frankenstein (2014)

I, Frankenstein (2014)

Movie
5.1
Original Story
Frankenstein's Master (2013)

Frankenstein's Master (2013)

Movie
Writer
The Frankenstein Theory (2013)

The Frankenstein Theory (2013)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein's Army (2013)

Frankenstein's Army (2013)

Movie
6.33
Writer
Army of Frankensteins (2013)

Army of Frankensteins (2013)

Movie
8
Writer
Frankenstein: A Modern Myth (2012)

Frankenstein: A Modern Myth (2012)

Movie
Writer
National Theatre Live: Frankenstein (2011)

National Theatre Live: Frankenstein (2011)

Movie
Writer
Spark of Being (2010)

Spark of Being (2010)

Movie
Writer
The Frankenstein Syndrome (2010)

The Frankenstein Syndrome (2010)

Movie
Writer
Tender Son: The Frankenstein Project (2010)

Tender Son: The Frankenstein Project (2010)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein Rising (2010)

Frankenstein Rising (2010)

Movie
Writer
Bikini Frankenstein (2010)

Bikini Frankenstein (2010)

Movie
Writer
The Last Man (2008)

The Last Man (2008)

Movie
Novel
Frankenstein (2007)

Frankenstein (2007)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein Reborn (2005)

Frankenstein Reborn (2005)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein (2004)

Frankenstein (2004)

Movie
Novel
Frankenstein (2004)

Frankenstein (2004)

TV show
5
Characters
Van Helsing (2004)

Van Helsing (2004)

Movie
7.44
Writer
La Sangre de Frankenstein (2002)

La Sangre de Frankenstein (2002)

Movie
Writer
Alvin and the Chipmunks Meet Frankenstein (1999)

Alvin and the Chipmunks Meet Frankenstein (1999)

Movie
6.42
Writer
Rock 'n' Roll Frankenstein (1999)

Rock 'n' Roll Frankenstein (1999)

Movie
Writer
Deadly Tales (1998)

Deadly Tales (1998)

Movie
Writer
Monster Mash: The Movie (1995)

Monster Mash: The Movie (1995)

Movie
Writer
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1994)

Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1994)

Movie
1
Writer
Frankenstein (1992)

Frankenstein (1992)

Movie
Characters
Frankenstein Unbound (1990)

Frankenstein Unbound (1990)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein General Hospital (1988)

Frankenstein General Hospital (1988)

Movie
Characters
The Monster Squad (1987)

The Monster Squad (1987)

Movie
6.23
Writer
Frankenstein (1987)

Frankenstein (1987)

Movie
Writer
The Bride (1985)

The Bride (1985)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein (1984)

Frankenstein (1984)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein 90 (1984)

Frankenstein 90 (1984)

Movie
Writer
Monster of Frankenstein (1981)

Monster of Frankenstein (1981)

Movie
Writer
Doctor Franken (1980)

Doctor Franken (1980)

Movie
Writer
Terror of Frankenstein (1977)

Terror of Frankenstein (1977)

Movie
Writer
Young Frankenstein (1974)

Young Frankenstein (1974)

Movie
6.73
Writer
Frankenstein: The True Story (1974)

Frankenstein: The True Story (1974)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell (1974)

Frankenstein and the Monster from Hell (1974)

Movie
4.6
Novel
Frankenstein: A Love Story (1974)

Frankenstein: A Love Story (1974)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein: The True Story (1973)

Frankenstein: The True Story (1973)

TV show
Writer
Flesh for Frankenstein (1973)

Flesh for Frankenstein (1973)

Movie
Writer
The Erotic Rites of Frankenstein (1973)

The Erotic Rites of Frankenstein (1973)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein (1973)

Frankenstein (1973)

Movie
Writer
Dracula, Prisoner of Frankenstein (1972)

Dracula, Prisoner of Frankenstein (1972)

Movie
Writer
Lady Frankenstein (1971)

Lady Frankenstein (1971)

Movie
9
Writer
The Horror of Frankenstein (1970)

The Horror of Frankenstein (1970)

Movie
5.42
Writer
Carry on Christmas (1969)

Carry on Christmas (1969)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed (1969)

Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed (1969)

Movie
5.65
Characters
Frankenstein Created Woman (1967)

Frankenstein Created Woman (1967)

Movie
5.86
Writer
Frankenstein Conquers the World (1965)

Frankenstein Conquers the World (1965)

Movie
3.67
Characters
The Evil of Frankenstein (1964)

The Evil of Frankenstein (1964)

Movie
4
Characters
Orlak, the Hell of Frankenstein (1960)

Orlak, the Hell of Frankenstein (1960)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein 1970 (1958)

Frankenstein 1970 (1958)

Movie
Characters
The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958)

The Revenge of Frankenstein (1958)

Movie
5.35
Writer
The Curse of Frankenstein (1957)

The Curse of Frankenstein (1957)

Movie
5.05
Writer
Tales of Tomorrow: Frankenstein (1952)

Tales of Tomorrow: Frankenstein (1952)

Movie
Writer
Bud Abbott and Lou Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948)

Bud Abbott and Lou Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948)

Movie
6.12
Characters
House of Dracula (1945)

House of Dracula (1945)

Movie
5.64
Characters
House of Frankenstein (1944)

House of Frankenstein (1944)

Movie
5.35
Characters
Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943)

Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943)

Movie
5.64
Characters
The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942)

The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942)

Movie
5.16
Writer
Son of Frankenstein (1939)

Son of Frankenstein (1939)

Movie
5.39
Writer
The Bride of Frankenstein (1935)

The Bride of Frankenstein (1935)

Movie
5.73
Novel
Frankenstein (1931)

Frankenstein (1931)

Movie
5.47
Novel
Il Mostro di Frankenstein (1921)

Il Mostro di Frankenstein (1921)

Movie
Writer
Life Without Soul (1915)

Life Without Soul (1915)

Movie
Writer
Frankenstein (1910)

Frankenstein (1910)

Movie
Author
Sherlock Holmes vs. Frankenstein

Sherlock Holmes vs. Frankenstein

Movie
Writer
Dr. Frankenstein

Dr. Frankenstein

Movie
Writer
The Moon, The Bat, The Monster

The Moon, The Bat, The Monster

Movie

Information

Known for
Writing

Gender
Female

Birthday
1797-08-30

Deathday
1851-02-01 (53 years old)

Birth name
Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin

Place of birth
Somers Town, United Kingdom

Height

Relationships
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1816-12-30 - 1822-07-08)

Children
Clara Everina Shelley, Clara Shelley, William Shelley, Percy Florence Shelley

Father
William Godwin

Mother
Mary Wollstonecraft

Siblings
Fanny Imlay, Claire Clairmont, William Godwin the Younger

Citizenships
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Kingdom of Great Britain

Residences
London, United Kingdom

Also known as
Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Mary W. Shelley, Mrs. Percy B. Shelley, Mary Shelly, Mary Wollenscraft Shelly

Awards
Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame

Jack Pierce
Mary Shelley
Jack Pierce worked together with Mary Shelley in:
7 Movies
Bram Stoker
Mary Shelley
Bram Stoker worked together with Mary Shelley in:
7 Movies
Russell A. Gausman
Mary Shelley
Russell A. Gausman worked together with Mary Shelley in:
6 Movies
Vera West
Mary Shelley
Vera West worked together with Mary Shelley in:
6 Movies
John P. Fulton
Mary Shelley
John P. Fulton worked together with Mary Shelley in:
6 Movies
Lon Chaney Jr.
Mary Shelley
Lon Chaney Jr. worked together with Mary Shelley in:
6 Movies
Peter Cushing
Mary Shelley
Peter Cushing worked together with Mary Shelley in:
6 Movies
Bernard B. Brown
Mary Shelley
Bernard B. Brown worked together with Mary Shelley in:
5 Movies
Anthony Hinds
Mary Shelley
Anthony Hinds worked together with Mary Shelley in:
5 Movies
Terence Fisher
Mary Shelley
Terence Fisher worked together with Mary Shelley in:
5 Movies
Michael Mark
Mary Shelley
Michael Mark worked together with Mary Shelley in:
5 Movies
Lionel Atwill
Mary Shelley
Lionel Atwill worked together with Mary Shelley in:
5 Movies
Boris Karloff
Mary Shelley
Boris Karloff worked together with Mary Shelley in:
5 Movies
Bernard Robinson
Mary Shelley
Bernard Robinson worked together with Mary Shelley in:
4 Movies
William Hedgcock
Mary Shelley
William Hedgcock worked together with Mary Shelley in:
4 Movies
James Bernard
Mary Shelley
James Bernard worked together with Mary Shelley in:
4 Movies
George Robinson
Mary Shelley
George Robinson worked together with Mary Shelley in:
4 Movies
Bela Lugosi
Mary Shelley
Bela Lugosi worked together with Mary Shelley in:
4 Movies
Dwight Frye
Mary Shelley
Dwight Frye worked together with Mary Shelley in:
4 Movies
Roy Ashton
Mary Shelley
Roy Ashton worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Hans J. Salter
Mary Shelley
Hans J. Salter worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
John B. Goodman
Mary Shelley
John B. Goodman worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Anne G. Sterling
Mary Shelley
Anne G. Sterling worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Jimmy Sangster
Mary Shelley
Jimmy Sangster worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Anthony Nelson Keys
Mary Shelley
Anthony Nelson Keys worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Ted J. Kent
Mary Shelley
Ted J. Kent worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Curt Siodmak
Mary Shelley
Curt Siodmak worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
John Gielgud
Mary Shelley
John Gielgud worked together with Mary Shelley in:
2 Movies
1 TV shows
Dennis Price
Mary Shelley
Dennis Price worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Lionel Belmore
Mary Shelley
Lionel Belmore worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Jack Curtis
Mary Shelley
Jack Curtis worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Colin Clive
Mary Shelley
Colin Clive worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Erle C. Kenton
Mary Shelley
Erle C. Kenton worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Glenn Strange
Mary Shelley
Glenn Strange worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
John Carradine
Mary Shelley
John Carradine worked together with Mary Shelley in:
3 Movies
Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley
Filmography
Information
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