Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais

Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais

Gender: Male
Known for: Writing
Birthday: 1732-01-25
Deathday: 1799-05-19 (67 years old)

Biography

Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (French: [pjɛʁ bomaʁʃɛ]; 24 January 1732 – 18 May 1799) was a French polymath. At various times in his life, he was a watchmaker, inventor, playwright, musician, diplomat, spy, publisher, horticulturist, arms dealer, satirist, financier, and revolutionary (both French and American).Born a Parisian watchmaker's son, Beaumarchais rose in French society and became influential in the court of Louis XV as an inventor and music teacher. He made a number of important business and social contacts, played various roles as a diplomat and spy, and had earned a considerable fortune before a series of costly court battles jeopardized his reputation.An early French supporter of American independence, Beaumarchais lobbied the French government on behalf of the American rebels during the American War of Independence. Beaumarchais oversaw covert aid from the French and Spanish governments to supply arms and financial assistance to the rebels in the years before France's formal entry into the war in 1778. He later struggled to recover money he had personally invested in the scheme. Beaumarchais was also a participant in the early stages of the 1789 French Revolution. He is probably best known, however, for his theatrical works, especially the three Figaro plays.

Early Life

Beaumarchais was born Pierre-Augustin Caron in the Rue Saint-Denis, Paris, on 24 January 1732. He was the only boy among the six surviving children of André-Charles Caron, a watchmaker from Meaux. The family had previously been Huguenots, but had converted to Roman Catholicism in the wake of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and the increased persecution of Protestants that followed. The family was comfortably middle-class and Beaumarchais had a peaceful and happy childhood. As the only son, he was spoiled by his parents and sisters. He took an interest in music and played several instruments. Though born a Catholic, Beaumarchais retained a sympathy for Protestants and would campaign throughout his life for their civil rights. One of his sisters, Marie-Josèphe Caron, later became an artist; their cousin was the artist Suzanne Caron.From the age of ten, Beaumarchais had some schooling at a "country school" where he learned some Latin. Two years later, Beaumarchais left school at twelve to work as an apprentice under his father and learn the art of watchmaking. He may have used his own experiences during these years as the inspiration for the character of Cherubin when he wrote the Marriage of Figaro. He generally neglected his work, and at one point was evicted by his father, only to be later allowed back after apologising for his poor behaviour.At the time, pocket watches were commonly unreliable for timekeeping and were worn more as fashion accessories. In response to this, Beaumarchais spent nearly a year researching improvements. In July 1753, at the age of twenty-one, he invented an escapement for watches that allowed them to be made substantially more accurate and compact.The first man to take an interest in this new invention was Jean-André Lepaute, the royal clockmaker in France, whose clocks could be found in the Palais du Luxembourg, Tuileries Palace, the Palais-Royal, and the Jardin des plantes. Lepaute had been a mentor to Beaumarchais after discovering the boy's talent in a chance encounter in the Caron family's shop. He encouraged him as he worked on the new invention, earned his trust, and promptly stole the idea for himself, writing a letter to the French Academy of Sciences describing the "Lepaute system". Beaumarchais was outraged when he read in the September issue of Le Mercure de France that M. Lepaute had just invented the most wonderful mechanism for a more portable clock. and wrote a strongly-worded letter to that same newspaper defending the invention as his own and urging the French Academy of Sciences to see the proof for themselves. "In the interests of truth and my reputation," he says, "I cannot let such an infidelity go by in silence and must claim as mine the invention of this device." Lepaute defended himself with a statement by three Jesuits that claimed he had shown them such a mechanism in May 1753.The following February, the Academy indeed ruled that the mechanism was his and not Lepaute's, catapulting him to stardom and relegating Lepaute to infamy, as l'affaire Lepaute had been the talk of Paris. Soon afterwards, he was asked by King Louis XV to create a watch mounted on a ring for his mistress Madame de Pompadour. Louis was so impressed by the result that he named Beaumarchais "Purveyor to the King", and the Caron family business became prosperous.

Filmography

All 38

Movies 38

Writter 37

Writer
Le Barbier de Seville (2020)

Le Barbier de Seville (2020)

Movie
Writer
Rossini: Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2014)

Rossini: Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2014)

Movie
Writer
Mozart: The Marriage of Figaro (2014)

Mozart: The Marriage of Figaro (2014)

Movie
Original Story
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2011)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2011)

Movie
Writer
The Barber of Seville (2009)

The Barber of Seville (2009)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2007)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2007)

Movie
Writer
The Marriage of Figaro (2006)

The Marriage of Figaro (2006)

Movie
Writer
The Marriage of Figaro (2006)

The Marriage of Figaro (2006)

Movie
Writer
Le Nozze di Figaro (2006)

Le Nozze di Figaro (2006)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2005)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2005)

Movie
Writer
Le nozze di Figaro (2004)

Le nozze di Figaro (2004)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2002)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2002)

Movie
Writer
Le Nozze di Figaro (2001)

Le Nozze di Figaro (2001)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2001)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (2001)

Movie
Writer
Le nozze di Figaro (1999)

Le nozze di Figaro (1999)

Movie
Writer
Le Barbier de Séville (1997)

Le Barbier de Séville (1997)

Movie
Writer
Le Nozze di Figaro (1994)

Le Nozze di Figaro (1994)

Movie
Writer
The Marriage of Figaro (1993)

The Marriage of Figaro (1993)

Movie
Writer
La folle journée ou Le mariage de Figaro (1989)

La folle journée ou Le mariage de Figaro (1989)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (1988)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (1988)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (1981)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (1981)

Movie
Writer
The Marriage of Figaro (1975)

The Marriage of Figaro (1975)

Movie
Writer
Mad day or Figaro wedding (1974)

Mad day or Figaro wedding (1974)

Movie
Writer
The Marriage of Figaro (1974)

The Marriage of Figaro (1974)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia (1973)

Il Barbiere di Siviglia (1973)

Movie
Writer
Der tolle Tag (1962)

Der tolle Tag (1962)

Movie
Writer
Le Mariage de Figaro ou La Folle Journée (1961)

Le Mariage de Figaro ou La Folle Journée (1961)

Movie
Writer
Marriage of Figaro (1959)

Marriage of Figaro (1959)

Movie
Writer
Figaro, il barbiere di Siviglia (1955)

Figaro, il barbiere di Siviglia (1955)

Movie
Writer
Ein toller Tag (1954)

Ein toller Tag (1954)

Movie
Writer
The Adventurer of Seville (1954)

The Adventurer of Seville (1954)

Movie
Writer
Figaros Hochzeit (1949)

Figaros Hochzeit (1949)

Movie
Writer
Barber of Seville (1948)

Barber of Seville (1948)

Movie
Writer
The Barber of Seville (1947)

The Barber of Seville (1947)

Movie
Writer
El barbero de Sevilla (1938)

El barbero de Sevilla (1938)

Movie
Writer
Figaro (1929)

Figaro (1929)

Movie
Writer
Figaros Hochzeit (1920)

Figaros Hochzeit (1920)

Movie
Writer
Il Barbiere di Siviglia

Il Barbiere di Siviglia

Movie

Information

Birthday
1732-01-25

Deathday
1799-05-19 (67 years old)

Known for
Writing

Also known as
Pierre-Augustin Caron, Pierre Beaumarchais, Pierre-Augustin de Beaumarchais

Gender
Male

Children
Amélie-Eugénie Caron de Beaumarchais

Place of birth
Paris, France

Citizenships
France

Cesare Sterbini
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Cesare Sterbini worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
13 Movies
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
12 Movies
Lorenzo da Ponte
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Lorenzo da Ponte worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
12 Movies
Gioacchino Rossini
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Gioacchino Rossini worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
11 Movies
Pietro Spagnoli
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Pietro Spagnoli worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
4 Movies
MET Orchestra
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
MET Orchestra worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
3 Movies
Louisa Briccetti
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Louisa Briccetti worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
3 Movies
Dorothea Röschmann
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Dorothea Röschmann worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
3 Movies
Juan Diego Flórez
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Juan Diego Flórez worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
3 Movies
Joyce DiDonato
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Joyce DiDonato worked together with Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais in:
3 Movies
Product
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