Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as the 34th vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.Truman grew up in Independence, Missouri, and during World War I was sent to France as a captain in the Field Artillery. Returning home, he opened a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri and was later elected as a Jackson County official in 1922. Truman was elected to the United States Senate from Missouri in 1934 and gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee aimed at reducing waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. Soon after succeeding to the presidency he authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman's administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term.After the onset of the Cold War, Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift and Marshall Plan in 1948. When North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he gained United Nations approval to intervene in what became known as the Korean War. On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman faced opposition from a conservative Congress, but his administration successfully guided the U.S. economy through the post-war economic challenges. In 1948, he submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation and issued Executive Order 9981 to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies.Corruption in the Truman administration became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election. After Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower's electoral victory against Democrat Adlai Stevenson II, Truman went into a financially difficult retirement, marked by the founding of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs. When he left office, Truman's presidency was criticized, though critical reassessment of his tenure has been favorable.
Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, on May 8, 1884, the oldest child of John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman. He was named for his maternal uncle, Harrison "Harry" Young. His middle initial, "S", honors his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young. A brother, John Vivian, was born soon after Harry, followed by sister Mary Jane. Truman's ancestry is primarily English with some Scots-Irish, German, and French.John Truman was a farmer and livestock dealer. The family lived in Lamar until Harry was ten months old, when they moved to a farm near Harrisonville, Missouri. The family next moved to Belton, and in 1887 to his grandparents' 600-acre (240 ha) farm in Grandview. When Truman was six, his parents moved to Independence, Missouri, so he could attend the Presbyterian Church Sunday School. He did not attend a conventional school until he was eight. While living in Independence, he served as a Shabbos goy for Jewish neighbors, doing tasks for them on Shabbat that their religion prevented them from doing on that day.Truman was interested in music, reading, and history, all encouraged by his mother, with whom he was very close. As president, he solicited political as well as personal advice from her. He rose at five every morning to practice the piano, which he studied more than twice a week until he was fifteen, becoming quite a skilled player. Truman worked as a page at the 1900 Democratic National Convention in Kansas City; his father had many friends who were active in the Democratic Party and helped young Harry to gain his first political position.After graduating from Independence High School in 1901, Truman enrolled in Spalding's Commercial College, a Kansas City business school. He studied bookkeeping, shorthand, and typing, but left after a year.
Movies & TV shows
The Blinding of Isaac Woodard
After serving in WWII, a black army sergeant was pulled from a bus for arguing with the driver. The local chief of police brutally beat him, leaving him unconscious and permanently blind. The shocking...
The Lost Film of Nuremberg
In 1945, two young American soldiers, brothers Budd and Stuart Schulberg, are commissioned to collect filmed and recorded evidence of the horrors committed by the infamous Third Reich in order to prov...
1 Movie · 1 TV show
In a collection of intimate interviews with some of America's most provocative black conservative thinkers, Uncle Tom takes a unique look at being black in America. The film explores their personal jo...
Blending in-depth interviews, rare archival footage, and cinematic recreations, this docuseries on the lives of America's most iconic First Ladies is a bold revision of each woman's traditional portra...
4 Movies · 1 TV show
The Kennedy Who Changed The World
Bill Clinton and members of the Kennedy family talk about how JFK's sister used sport to change the lives of people with intellectual disabilities.
The CIA/MI6 staged a coup in Iran in 1953 that overthrew Mossadegh.
Korea: The Never-Ending War
The myth of the "Forgotten War" is confronted in the film written and produced by John Maggio and narrated by John Cho.
Greatest Events of World War II in Colour
Critical moments from World War II, from Stalingrad to The Battle of Britain, are shown in a whole new light.
Where's My Roy Cohn?
Roy Cohn personified the dark arts of American politics, turning empty vessels into dangerous demagogues, from Joseph McCarthy to his final project, Donald J. Trump. The current American nightmare was...
Propaganda: Engineering Consent
According to the American publicist Edward L, how can the mass be controlled? Bernays was a pioneer in the field of propaganda and public relations. The master of manipulation and the creation of cons...
1 TV show
The Vietnam War
The epic story of the Vietnam War has never before been told on film. Many Americans who fought in the war and others who opposed it were among nearly 80 witnesses who testified.
2 Movies · 1 TV show
The Battle Of Chosin
The 17 day engagement of bloody combat and heroic survival in subartic temperatures is an amazingly harrowing story. The UN forces were outnumbered and surrounded by the Chinese troops.
The story of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, known as the Tokyo Trial, which, just after the Second World War, was established in Japan as a special jurisdiction in 1946 (it was ...
Race for the White House
The CNN Original Series "Race for the White House" was created by Kevin Spacey and Dana Brunetti and depicts the drama of how a high-stakes presidential election can turn on a single issue and so much...
1945: The Savage Peace
After the fall of the Nazi regime, ethnic Germans in Germany's neighboring countries were mistreated. A heartbreaking story of revenge against innocent civilians, the story of acts as cruel as the Naz...
The Propaganda Game
North Korea. The last communist country in the world. Hermetic and fascinating. North Korea is one of the largest sources of instability. The most militarized border in the world makes the flow of imp...
Winston Churchill: A Giant in the Century
A new look at the public and private life of one of the most important statesmen in the history of Europe: Winston Churchill (1874-1965), soldier, politician, writer, painter, leader of his country in...
1 TV show
Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States
Oliver Stone looked at under reported events in American history.
Le syndrome du Titanic
Dieser Dokumentarfilm zeigt die ökologischen Probleme, mit denen die Erde zu kämpfen hat. Mit Bezug auf die lange Entwicklungsgeschichte der auf der Erde lebenden Lebewesen wird insbesondere auch ein ...
Superpower illustrates how the United States has leveraged its position to ensure unilateral world domination through absolute economic and military superiority and government deception.
White Light/Black Rain: The Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The first use of thermonuclear weapons in war is the subject of a presentation. Interviews with fourteen atomic bomb survivors, many who have never spoken publicly before, and four Americans who were ...
Since the late 18th century American legal decision that the business corporation organizational model is legally a person, it has become a dominant economic, political and social force around the glo...
1 TV show
History vs. Hollywood
History vs. Hollywood is a television show on the History Channel in the United States. On the show, experts are interviewed on the historical accuracy of a film that is based on a historical event. F...
1 TV show
Faith of the Century: A History of Communism
The world was affected by communism. Hundreds of millions of people were affected by the political system. Using newly discovered propaganda films and archival photos, these four episodes explore the ...
American Experience: FDR
Polio at age 39, president at age 50. Explore the public and private life of a determined man who steered this country through two monumental crises: the Depression and World War II. FDR served as pre...
Bye Bye Blues
Story about a WWII wife & mother who joins a local dance band to provide for family while husband at war. Romantic involvement with one of the band members make her decisions difficult when husban...
When the Wind Blows
With the help of government-issued pamphlets, an elderly British couple build a shelter and prepare for an impending nuclear attack, unaware that times and the nature of war have changed from their ro...
McCarthy: Death of a Witch Hunter
A documentary about the United States. Senator Joseph McCarthy, who rose to prominence in the early 1950s by trumpeting allegations of a vast conspiracy by alleged Communist agents whom he claimed had...
Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?
Period music, film clips and newsreel footage combined into a visual exploration of the American entertainment industry during the Great Depression.
1 TV show
The DuPont Show of the Week
The show was on NBC for three seasons from September 17, 1961 to August 30, 1964.
1 TV show
The David Susskind Show
The David Susskind Show is a talk show on television. Open End was broadcast by WNTA-TV in New York City. The title refers to the fact that the program continued until Susskind or his guests were too ...
1 TV show
The Jack Benny Program
Jack Benny brings his underplayed humor to TV along with regular performers from his radio show days.
That Justice Be Done
Newsreel footage from both sides of World War II make a case for convicting Nazi war criminals.
Hitler's ideas will live on despite his death, according to a short film produced at the end of WWII.
Tuesday in November
A propaganda short about the 1944 United States presidential election, produced by the Office of War information, for overseas distribution. It is meant to explain how the democratic process in Americ...
The Unelected Statesman
Billy Graham had an unmistakable voice and was known for his love and devotion to Jesus Christ. His role as a leader of the United States is not well known. Despite never holding public office, Graham...