Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev

Known For: Acting · Birthday: 1931-03-02 (90 years old) · Gender: Male · Place of Birth: Privolnoe, Severo-Kavkazsky kray, USSR (Russia)

50 Movies · 14 TV shows

Also Known As: Михаил Горбачев · Mikhail Gorbachyov · Michail Sergejewitsch Gorbatschow · Michail Gorbatschow

Biography

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and former Soviet politician. The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. He was also the country's head of state from 1988 until 1991, serving as the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, and president of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991. Ideologically, Gorbachev initially adhered to Marxism–Leninism, although he had moved towards social democracy by the early 1990s.Of mixed Russian and Ukrainian heritage, Gorbachev was born in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai, to a poor peasant family. Growing up under the rule of Joseph Stalin, in his youth he operated combine harvesters on a collective farm before joining the Communist Party, which then governed the Soviet Union as a one-party state according to Marxist–Leninist doctrine. While studying at Moscow State University, he married fellow student Raisa Titarenko in 1953 prior to receiving his law degree in 1955. Moving to Stavropol, he worked for the Komsomol youth organization and, after Stalin's death, became a keen proponent of the de-Stalinization reforms of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. He was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Regional Committee in 1970, in which position he oversaw construction of the Great Stavropol Canal. In 1978 he returned to Moscow to become a Secretary of the party's Central Committee and in 1979 joined its governing Politburo. Within three years of the death of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, following the brief regimes of Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, the Politburo elected Gorbachev as General Secretary, the de facto head of government, in 1985.Although committed to preserving the Soviet state and to its socialist ideals, Gorbachev believed significant reform was necessary, particularly after the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. He withdrew from the Soviet–Afghan War and embarked on summits with United States President Ronald Reagan to limit nuclear weapons and end the Cold War. Domestically, his policy of glasnost ("openness") allowed for enhanced freedom of speech and press, while his perestroika ("restructuring") sought to decentralize economic decision making to improve efficiency. His democratization measures and formation of the elected Congress of People's Deputies undermined the one-party state. Gorbachev declined to intervene militarily when various Eastern Bloc countries abandoned Marxist–Leninist governance in 1989–90. Internally, growing nationalist sentiment threatened to break up the Soviet Union, leading Marxist–Leninist hardliners to launch the unsuccessful August Coup against Gorbachev in 1991. In the wake of this, the Soviet Union dissolved against Gorbachev's wishes and he resigned. After leaving office, he launched his Gorbachev Foundation, became a vocal critic of Russian Presidents Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin, and campaigned for Russia's social-democratic movement.Widely considered one of the most significant figures of the second half of the 20th century, Gorbachev remains the subject of controversy. The recipient of a wide range of awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize, he was widely praised for his pivotal role in ending the Cold War, curtailing human rights abuses in the Soviet Union, and tolerating both the fall of Marxist–Leninist administrations in eastern and central Europe and the reunification of Germany. Conversely, he is often derided in Russia for not stopping the Soviet collapse, an event which brought a decline in Russia's global influence and precipitated an economic crisis.

Personal Life

Reaching an adult height of 5 foot 9 inches (1.75 m), Gorbachev has a distinctive port-wine stain on the top of his head. By 1955 his hair was thinning, and by the late 1960s he was bald. Throughout the 1960s he struggled against obesity and dieted to control the problem; Doder and Branson characterized him as "stocky but not fat". He speaks in a southern Russian accent, and is known to sing both folk and pop songs.Throughout his life, he tried to dress fashionably. Having an aversion to hard liquor, he drank sparingly and did not smoke. He was protective of his private life and avoided inviting people to his home.Gorbachev cherished his wife, who in turn was protective of him.He was an involved parent and grandparent. He sent his daughter, his only child, to a local school in Stavropol rather than to a school set aside for the children of party elites. Unlike many of his contemporaries in the Soviet administration, he was not a womanizer and was known for treating women respectfully.Gorbachev was baptized Russian Orthodox and when he was growing up, his grandparents had been practicing Christians. In 2008, there was some press speculation that he was a practicing Christian after he visited the tomb of St Francis of Assisi, to which he publicly clarified that he was an atheist. Since studying at university, Gorbachev considered himself an intellectual; Doder and Branson thought that "his intellectualism was slightly self-conscious", noting that unlike most Russian intelligentsia, Gorbachev was not closely connected "to the world of science, culture, the arts, or education". When living in Stavropol he and his wife collected hundreds of books. Among his favorite authors were Arthur Miller, Dostoevsky, and Chingiz Aitmatov, while he also enjoyed reading detective fiction. He enjoyed going for walks, having a love of natural environments, and was also a fan of association football. He favored small gatherings where the assembled discussed topics like art and philosophy rather than the large, alcohol-fueled parties common among Soviet officials.

Movies & TV shows

2021.

2 Movies
Sakharov. Two Lives

Sakharov. Two Lives

2021
Avenue, university and even an asteroid are named after him. The creator of the hydrogen bomb, an outstanding public figure and a human rights activist are just some of the things that academician Sak...
Chernobyl: The Last Battle of the USSR

Chernobyl: The Last Battle of the USSR

2021
Almost everything has been said about the ecological and sanitary disaster that took place after the nuclear explosion. The greatest industrial disaster changed the course of History, disrupted global...

2020.

5 Movies · 2 TV shows
Gorbachev. Heaven

Gorbachev. Heaven

3
2020
"Gorbachev." Heaven is a documentary film about changes in the world caused by one man. The life of a man who changed the world in the 20th century is summarized in a film. The collapse of this empire...
TV
First Ladies

First Ladies

2020
Blending in-depth interviews, rare archival footage, and cinematic recreations, this docuseries on the lives of America's most iconic First Ladies is a bold revision of each woman's traditional portra...
The Way I See It

The Way I See It

2020
Pete Souza was the Chief Official White House Photographer and had top secret clearance.
Frenemies: Putin and Trump

Frenemies: Putin and Trump

2020
Russian President Vladimir Putin was one of the first politicians to congratulate Donald Trump on his election as president of the United States in 2016, but over time the relationship between the two...
Stalin and the Katyn Massacre

Stalin and the Katyn Massacre

2020
Stalin's executioners committed many crimes over the course of three decades, including the Katyn massacre in 1940. The mass murder of thousands of Polish officers was part of a relentless purge that ...
My Favorite War

My Favorite War

2020
The director was raised in the Soviet Union. The coming of age story is a personal escape route from the brainwashing of the authoritarian regime. The subject of an antiwar film is the importance of a...
TV
History 101

History 101

7.6
2020
History lessons on scientific discoveries, social movements and world-changing discoveries can be found in Infographics and archival footage.

2019.

5 Movies
Meeting Gorbachev

Meeting Gorbachev

2019
The former president of the Soviet Union sat down with the director to discuss his accomplishments. Talks to reduce nuclear weapons, the reunification of Germany and the dissolution of his country are...
Solidarność: How Solidarity Changed Europe

Solidarność: How Solidarity Changed Europe

2019
September 1980 in Gdask, Poland. Solidarno was the first independent trade union behind the Iron Curtain. The battle to bring down communism has begun.
Bully. Coward. Victim. The Story of Roy Cohn

Bully. Coward. Victim. The Story of Roy Cohn

2019
Roy Cohn was a power broker in the rough and tumble world of New York City business and politics. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy's top counsel during investigations into Communist activities in the 1950s,...
The Man Who Defied Beijing

The Man Who Defied Beijing

2019
A portrait of Chinese writer Liu Xiaobo (1955-2017), a witness of the Tiananmen Square massacre (1989), a dissident, a woodpecker who tirelessly pecked the putrid brain of the Communist regime for dec...
Tiananmen: The People Versus the Party

Tiananmen: The People Versus the Party

2019
The true story of the seven weeks that changed China forever. On June 4, 1989, pro-democracy demonstrations were violently and bloodily repressed. Thousands of people died, but the basis for China's f...

2018.

3 Movies
Putin's Witnesses

Putin's Witnesses

2018
Russian Federation, December 31, 1999. After President Boris Yeltsin's unexpected resignation, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin becomes acting president of the country. From that day and for a year, Vita...
Our Africa

Our Africa

2018
1960. The USSR starts humanitarian aid programs based on Marxist ideology in several newly independent African countries. For more than 35 years the Soviets expand their influence in Africa. Soviet fi...
Lusia in Wonderland

Lusia in Wonderland

2018
How Lyusia Stein - a graduate of VGIK and a municipal deputy of Moscow - went to work for Ksenia Sobchak's campaign headquarters.

2017.

5 Movies
The Reagan Show

The Reagan Show

2017
The Reagan Show looks at how Ronald Reagan redefined the look and feel of what it means to be the president.
Free to Rock

Free to Rock

2017
Despite attempts by the Communists to outlaw it, Rock & Roll spread the sound of freedom across the Iron Curtain and throughout Eastern Europe. The implosion of the Soviet regime was aided by thousand...
Era Of Dance

Era Of Dance

2017
The film tells a story about the latest musical revolution in recent history – the early days of the rave scene and the golden age of techno culture. International political changes in the mid-80s and...
The Arrow of Time

The Arrow of Time

2017
President Mikhail Gorbachev recounts the end of the Cold War and the reduction of nuclear arms.
Oscar Arias: Without a Shot Fired

Oscar Arias: Without a Shot Fired

2017
This is the story of a tiny country that decided to abolish its army in order to make the world a better place. This is the story of a young boy who grew up in that country, and how he ended up challe...

2016.

2 Movies
City 40

City 40

2016
Behind the walls of a forbidden city, the only thing more dangerous than its secrets is the truth.
Zero Days

Zero Days

6
2016
The phenomenon of Stuxnet was discovered in 2010 by international IT experts. This software was designed to sabotage Iran's nuclear programme and was commissioned by the US and Israeli governments. Th...

2015.

2 Movies
Those Who Dare

Those Who Dare

2015
The independence movement in several Baltic countries was sparked by Gorbachev's reform policy. As cries for help from the Baltic States were met with silence from the international community at large...
The Russian Woodpecker

The Russian Woodpecker

2015
As his country is gripped by revolution and war, a Ukrainian victim of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster discovers a dark secret and must decide whether to risk his life and play his part in the revoluti...

2014.

1 Movie

2013.

1 Movie
Margaret Thatcher: Prime Minister

Margaret Thatcher: Prime Minister

2013
BBC memorial portrait of recently deceased Margaret Thatcher. With the help of never-before-seen archive material and interviews with colleagues and family, a portrait is painted of a politician who m...

2012.

2 Movies · 1 TV show
Der Sturz - Honeckers Ende

Der Sturz - Honeckers Ende

2012
Honecker ruled the GDR for 18 years. The demise of the state was marked by his fall in 1989. Honecker's regime stood as an unjust state for wall deaths, shooting orders, stasis and forced adoptions, a...
TV
Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States

Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States

2012
Oliver Stone looked at under reported events in American history.
41

41

2012
The documentary takes a personal look at George H.W. Bush was the 41st president of the United States.

2011.

3 Movies
He Came to Give Us Freedom

He Came to Give Us Freedom

2011
Biographical documentary about Mikhail Gorbachev and the way he did not waste his inner freedom before becoming General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and giving this freedom to ...
The Last Days of the USSR

The Last Days of the USSR

2011
The rivalry between Gorbachev and Yeltsin was brought to light by a string of unpredictable events from 1989 to 1991. The last two years of the former USSR are recounted in the documentary.
A Bitter Taste of Freedom

A Bitter Taste of Freedom

2011
In her quest to uncover the wrongdoings of the Russian authorities, Anna Politkovskaya inspired awe in some and fear in countless others. At age 48 she was assassinated for simply doing her job. This ...

2010.

2 Movies
My Father Evgeni

My Father Evgeni

2010
The film was made by the son of the writer and editor-in-chief of the studio. A portrait of both the person himself and the whole era can be found in the fragments of popular science films and letters...
The Autobiography of Nicolae Ceausescu

The Autobiography of Nicolae Ceausescu

2010
The three-hour-long documentary covers 25 years in the life of Nicolae Ceaușescu and was made using 1,000 hours of original footage from the National Archives of Romania.

2009.

3 Movies
Here to Stay

Here to Stay

2009
Urban sprawl, extinct species, depletion of natural resources and global warming are all causes of deep anxiety. Here to stay takes an uncompromising look at Planet Earth today, in all its beauty but ...
Disco and Atomic War

Disco and Atomic War

2009
A different history of the Cold War: how Estonians under Soviet tyranny began to feel the breeze of freedom when a group of anonymous dreamers successfully used improbable methods to capture the Finni...

2007.

1 Movie
Hammer & Tickle

Hammer & Tickle

2007
Hammer & Tickle: The Communist Joke Book is a 2006 propaganda documentary film about "jokes" under the Soviet Union.

2006.

4 Movies
The Battle of Chernobyl

The Battle of Chernobyl

2006
On April 26, 1986, a 1,000 feet high flame rises into the sky of the Ukraine. The fourth reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant just exploded. A battle begins in which 500,000 men are engaged th...
Freedom's Fury

Freedom's Fury

2006
A documentary is about the water polo match between Hungary and Russia. The match was held in Australia as the Russian forces were in Hungary.
Doot Doola Doot Doo ... Doot Doo!

Doot Doola Doot Doo ... Doot Doo!

2006
After years of requests, Nardwuar the Human Serviette has finally entered the digital age with a compilation of over 60 of his favourite video interviews. Based around his two MuchMusic Specials, Nard...
The Collapse of The Soviet Union

The Collapse of The Soviet Union

2006
The film is using episodes filmed mainly at the Kremlin, Soviet Union's headquarters which enable to have a glance to world's most well-known political kitchen.

2004.

1 Movie · 1 TV show
TV
Zero Hour

Zero Hour

2004
Zero Hour dramatizes the hour leading up to some of the most memorable historical events. Using a real-time clock and a split screen to follow key players, the series reveals the compelling and exciti...
Disaster at Chernobyl

Disaster at Chernobyl

2004
The explosion at Chernobyl was ten times worse than the Hiroshima bomb and was due to a combination of human error and imperfect technology. An account of the sixty critical minutes prior to the explo...

2003.

1 TV show
TV
Days That Shook the World

Days That Shook the World

2003
A British documentary television series called "Days That Shook the World" was aired on the British Broadcasting Corporation. The programme features a lot of important events in history. The series wa...

1999.

1 Movie · 3 TV shows
TV
Faith of the Century: A History of Communism

Faith of the Century: A History of Communism

1999
The world was affected by communism. Hundreds of millions of people were affected by the political system. Using newly discovered propaganda films and archival photos, these four episodes explore the ...
TV
Beckmann
The Secret KGB JFK Assassination Files

The Secret KGB JFK Assassination Files

1999
On Nov. The assassination of John F shocked the world. Kennedy was killed. There are many unanswered questions about this event.

1998.

1 Movie · 3 TV shows
TV
Cold War

Cold War

6
1998
Between the end of World War II and the collapse of the Soviet Union is the subject of a 24 part series.
Reagan

Reagan

1998
One of the most popular presidents of the twentieth century was Ronald Reagan. Reagan believed in lower taxes, less government, and anti-communism.

1995.

1 TV show

1994.

1 Movie
But... Seriously

But... Seriously

1994
The comedians give commentary on the events of the 20th century.

1993.

1 Movie
Faraway, So Close!

Faraway, So Close!

1993
Damiel is married to a woman, runs a pizzeria, and has a child with her. The solitarily remaining angel is more and more dissatisfied with his fate as a mere observer of human life and finally decides...

1992.

1 Movie
Strictly Propaganda

Strictly Propaganda

1992
DEFA documentary.

1991.

1 Movie · 1 TV show
TV
DAS!

DAS!

1991
Ceausescu: Behind the Myth

Ceausescu: Behind the Myth

1991
Veteran journalist and author Edward Behr spent a year investigating the rise and fall of Nicolae Ceausescu. Executed on Christmas Day 1989, Ceausescu was once a hero to his own people, and in the w...

1990.

1 Movie
Superstar: The Life and Times of Andy Warhol

Superstar: The Life and Times of Andy Warhol

1990
A portrait of Andy Warhol.

1984.

1 Movie
Farewell to Enrico Berlinguer

Farewell to Enrico Berlinguer

1984
Enrico Berlinguer (Sassari, May 25, 1922 - Padua, June 11, 1984) was an Italian politician, general secretary of the Italian Communist Party from 1972 until his death.

1982.

1 TV show
TV
Menschen
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