James Whale

James Whale

Gender: Male
Known for: Directing
Birthday: 1889-07-22
Deathday: 1957-05-29 (67 years old)

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Biography

James Whale (22 July 1889 – 29 May 1957) was an English film director, theatre director and actor, who spent the greater part of his career in Hollywood. He is best remembered for several horror films: Frankenstein (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935), all considered classics. Whale also directed films in other genres, including the 1936 film version of the musical Show Boat.Whale was born into a large family in Dudley, Worcestershire now Metropolitan Borough of Dudley. He discovered his artistic talent early on and studied art. With the outbreak of World War I he enlisted in the British Army and became an officer. He was captured by the Germans and during his time as a prisoner of war he realised he was interested in drama. Following his release at the end of the war he became an actor, set designer and director. His success directing the 1928 play Journey's End led to his move to the US, first to direct the play on Broadway and then to Hollywood, California, to direct films. He lived in Hollywood for the rest of his life, most of that time with his longtime romantic partner, producer David Lewis. Apart from Journey's End (1930), which was released by Tiffany Films, and Hell's Angels (1930), released by United Artists, he directed a dozen films for Universal Pictures between 1931 and 1937, developing a style characterised by the influence of German Expressionism and a highly mobile camera.At the height of his career as a director, Whale directed The Road Back (1937), a sequel to All Quiet on the Western Front. Studio interference, possibly spurred by political pressure from Nazi Germany, led to the film's being altered from Whale's vision, and it was a critical failure. A run of box-office disappointments followed and, while he would make one final short film in 1950, by 1941 his film directing career was effectively over. He continued to direct for the stage and also rediscovered his love for painting and travel. His investments made him wealthy and he lived a comfortable retirement until suffering strokes in 1956 that robbed him of his vigor and left him in pain. He committed suicide on 29 May 1957 by drowning himself in his swimming pool.Whale was openly gay throughout his career, something that was very rare in the 1920s and 1930s. As knowledge of his sexual orientation has become more widespread, some of his films, Bride of Frankenstein in particular, have been interpreted as having a gay subtext and it has been claimed that his refusal to remain in the closet led to the end of his career.

Filmography

James Whale
James Whale
James Whale
James Whale
James Whale
James Whale

Information

Known for
Directing

Gender
Male

Birthday
1889-07-22

Deathday
1957-05-29 (67 years old)

Place of birth
Dudley, United Kingdom

Citizenships
United Kingdom

Charles D. Hall
James Whale
Charles D. Hall worked together with James Whale in:
11 Movies
Carl Laemmle Jr.
James Whale
Carl Laemmle Jr. worked together with James Whale in:
11 Movies
Ted J. Kent
James Whale
Ted J. Kent worked together with James Whale in:
9 Movies
Jack Pierce
James Whale
Jack Pierce worked together with James Whale in:
6 Movies
John J. Mescall
James Whale
John J. Mescall worked together with James Whale in:
5 Movies
Arthur Edeson
James Whale
Arthur Edeson worked together with James Whale in:
5 Movies
R.C. Sherriff
James Whale
R.C. Sherriff worked together with James Whale in:
5 Movies
Mary Gordon
James Whale
Mary Gordon worked together with James Whale in:
5 Movies
Dwight Frye
James Whale
Dwight Frye worked together with James Whale in:
5 Movies
E. E. Clive
James Whale
E. E. Clive worked together with James Whale in:
5 Movies
Joseph A. McDonough
James Whale
Joseph A. McDonough worked together with James Whale in:
4 Movies
John P. Fulton
James Whale
John P. Fulton worked together with James Whale in:
4 Movies
Clarence Kolster
James Whale
Clarence Kolster worked together with James Whale in:
4 Movies
Ted Billings
James Whale
Ted Billings worked together with James Whale in:
4 Movies
Colin Clive
James Whale
Colin Clive worked together with James Whale in:
4 Movies
Gilbert Kurland
James Whale
Gilbert Kurland worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
W. Franke Harling
James Whale
W. Franke Harling worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Jack Otterson
James Whale
Jack Otterson worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Franz Waxman
James Whale
Franz Waxman worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
William Hedgcock
James Whale
William Hedgcock worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Vera West
James Whale
Vera West worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
George Robinson
James Whale
George Robinson worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Ernest Vajda
James Whale
Ernest Vajda worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Marilyn Harris
James Whale
Marilyn Harris worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Wyndham Standing
James Whale
Wyndham Standing worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Paul Lukas
James Whale
Paul Lukas worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Etienne Girardot
James Whale
Etienne Girardot worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Karl Freund
James Whale
Karl Freund worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Billy Bevan
James Whale
Billy Bevan worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Gloria Stuart
James Whale
Gloria Stuart worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Mae Clarke
James Whale
Mae Clarke worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Elspeth Dudgeon
James Whale
Elspeth Dudgeon worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Michael Mark
James Whale
Michael Mark worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Lionel Atwill
James Whale
Lionel Atwill worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
Boris Karloff
James Whale
Boris Karloff worked together with James Whale in:
3 Movies
James Whale
James Whale
Filmography
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