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William Hanna

William Hanna

Known For: Directing · Birthday: 1910-07-14 · Deathday: 2001-03-22 (90 years old) · Gender: Male · Place of Birth: Melrose, New Mexico, USA

237 Movies · 144 TV shows

Also Known As: Bill Hanna · William Denby Hanna · Denby Williams

Biography

William Denby Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an American animator, director, producer, voice actor, cartoon artist, and musician. Hanna's cartoon characters entertained millions of people for much of the 20th century. In 1937, while working at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), Hanna met Joseph Barbera. Hanna and Barbera co-founded Hanna-Barbera in 1957. The company became the most successful television animation studio in the business. The Flintstones, The Huckleberry Hound Show, The Jetsons, Scooby-Doo, The Smurfs, and Yogi Bear are some of the shows they produced. Tom and Jerry won seven Academy Awards, while Hanna and Barbera were nominated for two others and won eight Emmy Awards. Hanna-Barbera's shows had a worldwide audience of over 300 million people in their 1960s heyday, and have been translated into more than 28 languages.

Career

After dropping out of college, Hanna worked briefly as a construction engineer and helped build the Pantages Theatre in Hollywood. He lost that job during the Great Depression and found another at a car wash. His sister's boyfriend encouraged him to apply for a job at Pacific Title and Art, which produced title cards for motion pictures. In 1930 Hanna joined the Harman and Ising animation studio, which had created the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series. Despite a lack of formal training, Hanna soon became head of their ink and paint department. Besides inking and painting, Hanna also wrote songs and lyrics. Hanna was one of the employees who followed Hugh Harman and Rudolph Ising when they began producing cartoons independently for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1933. Hanna was given the opportunity to direct his first cartoon in 1936; the result was To Spring. The following year, MGM decided to terminate their partnership with Harman-Ising and bring production in-house. Hanna was among the first people MGM hired away from Harman-Ising to their new cartoon studio. During 1938–1939, he served as a senior director on MGM's Captain and the Kids series, based upon the comic strip of the same name. The series did not do well and Hanna was demoted to a story man and the series was canceled. Hanna's desk at MGM was opposite that of Joseph Barbera, who had previously worked at Terrytoons. The two quickly realized they would make a good team. By 1939 they had solidified a partnership that would last over 60 years. Hanna and Barbera were married in 1941. Hanna and Barbera worked alongside animation director Tex Avery, who had created Daffy Duck and Bugs Bunny for Warner Bros. and directed Droopy cartoons at MGM. Avery also worked with Hanna-Barbera on The Flintstones and The Flintstone Gang. Hanna- Barbera also worked on The Little Engine That Could, which was directed by Tex Avery.

Personal Life

William Hanna was born to William John (1873-1949) and Avice Joyce (Denby) Hanna (1882-1956) on July 14, 1910, in Melrose, New Mexico Territory. He was the third of seven children. Hanna described his family as "a red-blooded, Irish-American family" When Hanna was three years old, the family moved to Baker City, Oregon, where his father worked on the Balm Creek Dam. His father was a construction superintendent for railroads as well as water and sewer systems throughout the western regions of America. Hanna would develop his love of the outdoors. In 1922, while living in Watts, he joined Scouting. He attended Compton High School from 1925 through 1928, where he played the saxophone in a dance band. His passion for music carried over into his career; he helped write songs for his cartoons, including the theme for The Flintstones. Hanna became an Eagle Scout as a youth and remained active in Scouting throughout his life. As an adult, he served as a Scoutmaster and was recognized by the Boy Scouts of America with their Distinguished Eagle Scout Award in 1985. Despite his numerous career-related awards, Hanna was most proud of this Distinguished eagle Scout Award. Hanna studied both journalism and structural engineering at Compton City College, but had to drop out of college with the onset of the Great Depression. Hanna married Violet Blanch Wogatzke (July 23, 1913 – July 10, 2014), and they had a marriage lasting over 64 years. The marriage produced two children, David William and Bonnie Jean, and seven grandchildren. In 1996, Hanna, with assistance from Los Angeles writer Tom Ito, published his autobiography. Joe Barbera had published his own two years earlier. Hanna's autobiography was published by Simon & Schuster, with a foreword by Joe Barbero. The book was published in hardback and paperback, with an edition of 2,500 copies.

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1936.

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Unknown Year.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "William_Hanna", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.