Manoel de Oliveira

Manoel de Oliveira

Known For: Directing · Birthday: 1908-12-11 · Deathday: 2015-04-02 (106 years old) · Gender: Male · Place of Birth: Porto, Portugal

74 Movies · 2 TV shows

Also Known As: Manoel Candido Pinto de Oliveira · Manuel de Oliveira

Biography

Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira (Portuguese: [mɐnuˈɛɫ doliˈvɐjɾɐ]; 11 December 1908 – 2 April 2015) was a Portuguese film director and screenwriter born in Cedofeita, Porto. He first began making films in 1927, when he and some friends attempted to make a film about World War I. In 1931 he completed his first film Douro, Faina Fluvial, a documentary about his home city Porto made in the city symphony genre. He made his feature film debut in 1942 with Aniki-Bóbó and continued to make shorts and documentaries for the next 30 years, gaining a minimal amount of recognition without being considered a major world film director. Among the numerous factors that prevented Oliveira from making more films during this time period were the political situation in Portugal, family obligations and money.In 1971, Oliveira directed his second feature narrative film, Past and Present, a social satire that both set the standard for his film career afterwards and gained him recognition in the global film community. He continued making films of growing ambition throughout the 1970s and 1980s, gaining critical acclaim and numerous awards. Beginning in the late 1980s he was one of the most prolific working film directors and made an average of one film per year past the age of 100. In March 2008 he was reported to be the oldest active film director in the world. He was also the only filmmaker whose active career spanned from the silent era to the digital age.Among his numerous awards were the Career Golden Lion from the 61st Venice International Film Festival, the Special Lion for the Overall Work in the 42nd Venice International Film Festival, an Honorary Golden Palm for his lifetime achievements in 2008 Cannes Film Festival, and the French Legion of Honor.

Personal Life

Manoel de Oliveira married Maria Isabel Brandão de Meneses de Almeida Carvalhais (1 September 1918 - 11 September 2019) in Porto on December 4, 1940. They remained married for nearly 75 years and had four children; their two sons are Manuel Casimiro Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (a painter born in 1941 known as Manuel Casimiro), Jose Manuel Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1944), and their two daughters Maria Isabel Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1947) and Adelaide Maria Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1948). They have several grandchildren, including actor Ricardo Trêpa through his youngest daughter.In his younger days, Oliveira competed as a race car driver. During the 1937 Grand Prix season, he competed in and won the International Estoril Circuit race, driving a Ford V8 Special.Manoel de Oliveira, at the age of 101, was chosen to give the welcoming speech at Pope Benedict XVI's meeting with representatives of the Portuguese cultural world on May 12, 2010, at the Belém Cultural Center. In the speech, titled "Religion and Art", he said that morality and art may well have derived from the religious attempt at "an explanation of the existence of human beings" with regard to their "concrete insertion in the Cosmos". The arts "have always been strictly linked to religions" and Christianity has been "prodigal in artistic expressions". In an interview published the day before, Oliveira, who was raised a Catholic, said that, "doubts or not, the religious aspect of life has always accompanied me," and added, "All my films are religious."For several years before Oliveira's death, a feature film called A Igreja do Diabo (The Church of the Devil) was in development. In an interview conducted less than five months before his death, Oliveira revealed that he had plans for future films.

Early Life

Oliveira was born on 11 December 1908 in Porto, Portugal, to Francisco José de Oliveira and Cândida Ferreira Pinto. His family were wealthy industrialists and agricultural landowners. His father owned a dry-goods factory, produced the first electric light bulbs in Portugal and built an electric energy plant before he died in 1932. Oliveira was educated at the Colégio Universal in Porto before attending a Jesuit boarding school in Galicia, Spain. As a teenager his goal was to become an actor. At 17, he joined his brothers as an executive in his father's factories, where he remained for the majority of his adult life when not making films. In a 1981 Sight and Sound article, John Gillett describes Oliveira as having "spent most of his life in business ... making films only when circumstances allowed."From an early age, Oliveira was interested in the poverty of the lower classes, the arts and especially films. While he named D. W. Griffith, Eric von Stroheim, Charlie Chaplin, Max Linder, Carl Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc and Sergei Eisenstein's The General Line as early influences, he was also disappointed to have virtually no Portuguese filmmakers to emulate. The Portuguese film industry was also highly censored and restricted under the fascist Salazar regime that lasted from the early 1930s until the mid-1970s. His later films, such as The Cannibals and Belle Toujours (a sequel to Belle de Jour), suggest an affinity with Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel. He stated "I'm closer to Buñuel. He's a reverse Catholic and I was raised a Catholic. It's a religion that permits sin, and Buñuel at the very deepest is one of the most moralistic directors but he does everything to the contrary. I never say that I'm Catholic because to be Catholic is very difficult. I prefer to be thought of as a great sinner."

Movies & TV shows

2015.

2 Movies
Visit, or Memories and Confessions

Visit, or Memories and Confessions

2015
A long-hidden, personal doc about leaving a beloved house by the late, revered Portuguese director Manoel de Oliveira.
A Century of Energy

A Century of Energy

2015
Manoel de Oliveira's final work revisits one of his earliest films and celebrates a century of industrialization in Portugal.

2014.

2 Movies
Henri Langlois vu par...

Henri Langlois vu par...

2014
filmmakers talk about their relationship with Henri Langlois
The Old Man of Belem

The Old Man of Belem

2014
Don Quixote, Luís de Camões, Camilo Castelo Branco and Teixeira de Pascoaes meet in an eternal garden in the middle of a modern city and talk about life.

2012.

3 Movies
101

101

2012
An exploration of the movie "The strange case of Angelica" and an understanding Manoel de Oliveira's cinema.
Gebo and the Shadow

Gebo and the Shadow

2012
Despite his age and general weariness, Gebo keeps on working as an accountant to provide for his family. He lives with his wife, Doroteia, and his daughter-in-law, Sofia, but it is the absence of João...
Historic Centre

Historic Centre

2012
Four voices and their visions of Guimarães, cradle city of the Portuguese nation and European Capital of Culture in 2012.

2011.

2 Movies · 1 TV show
Agnès Varda: From Here to There

Agnès Varda: From Here to There

2011
Agnès Varda travels around the world to meet friends, artists and filmmakers for an expansive view of the global contemporary art scene.
TV
Agnès Varda: From Here to There

Agnès Varda: From Here to There

2011
A cultural series from Agns Varda.
Invisible World

Invisible World

2011
An anthology film following different stories around the theme of invisibility in the modern world.

2010.

3 Movies
Sodankylä Forever

Sodankylä Forever

2010
The Midnight Sun Film Festival is held every June in the Finnish village of Sodankylä beyond the arctic circle—where the sun never sets. Founded by Aki and Mika Kaurismäki along with Anssi Mänttäri an...
The Panels of São Vicente de Fora: A Poetic Vision

The Panels of São Vicente de Fora: A Poetic Vision

2010
The characters from a historical piece of art come to life to discuss poignant themes such as war and world peace.
The Strange Case of Angelica

The Strange Case of Angelica

2010
A young photographer falls in love with a woman he can't have, except in his dreams. The last photograph of a young bride was taken at the request of a wealthy family. The young woman appears to come ...

2009.

1 Movie
Eccentricities of a Blonde-Haired Girl

Eccentricities of a Blonde-Haired Girl

2009
Macário spends an entire train journey to the Algarve talking to a woman he does not know about the trials and tribulations of his love life: straight after starting his first job as a book keeper at ...

2007.

4 Movies
To Each His Own Cinema

To Each His Own Cinema

2007
The film had 33 shorts.
Manoel de Oliveira, O Caso Dele

Manoel de Oliveira, O Caso Dele

2007
A tribute documentary to Manoel de Oliveira, on occasion of his 100th birthday.
Christopher Columbus, The Enigma

Christopher Columbus, The Enigma

2007
A true story of a doctor and his wife who went on a journey in order to prove that discoverer Christopher Columbus was in fact Portuguese. Inspired by the book "Cristóvão Colon Era Português".
The 15th Stone

The 15th Stone

2007
Joáo Bénard da Costa, director of the Portuguese National Film Archives [deceased in 2009], interviews the dean of contemporaneous film directors [96-years-old then]. Two humanists of different philos...

2006.

4 Movies
Conversazione a Porto

Conversazione a Porto

2006
A conversation between the filmmaker Manoel de Olivieira and the writer Agustina Bessa-Luís.
No Tempo do Cinema

No Tempo do Cinema

2006
A 58 minute documentary about the life of João Bénard da Costa.
Magic Mirror

Magic Mirror

2006
Luciano, fresh out of jail, was taken by his brother, Flórido, to serve in the home of wealthy Alfreda. He was surprised when she told him that her greatest desire was to see the Virgin Mary. Now come...
Belle Toujours

Belle Toujours

2006
Henri Husson thinks he sees Séverine at a concert. He took a slow revenge on her after making her face.

2005.

2 Movies
Do visível ao invísivel

Do visível ao invísivel

2005
A satirical short film about technology.
Jornal Português (1938-1951)

Jornal Português (1938-1951)

2005
The newsreel series Jornal Português (1938-1951) was produced for the Secretariat of National Propaganda (SPN/SNI) by the "Portuguese Newsreel Society" (SPAC), under the technical supervision of Antón...

2004.

1 Movie
The Fifth Empire

The Fifth Empire

2004
Manoel de Oliveira directs José Régio's historical epic of religious and political power struggles. King Sebastião plans to make Portugal the world's Fifth Empire.

2003.

2 Movies
Agostinho da Silva - A Living Thought

Agostinho da Silva - A Living Thought

2003
There is a life and legacy of Agostinho da Silva. The biographical journey, the life and work of the Luso-Brazilian philosopher, this work has testimonies from himself and various people of Portugal a...
A Talking Picture

A Talking Picture

2003
There is a meditation on civilization. Friends wave as a cruise ship leaves Lisbon for Mediterranean ports and the Indian Ocean. On board and on day trips in Pompeii, Athens, Istanbul, and Cairo, a pr...

2002.

1 Movie
The Uncertainty Principle

The Uncertainty Principle

2002
Having lost her place among the social elite, a widow remarries and starts a family.

2001.

2 Movies
Porto of My Childhood

Porto of My Childhood

2001
A documentary about returning to his hometown was made by Manoel de Oliveira.
I'm Going Home

I'm Going Home

2001
When Gilbert Valence learns that his wife, daughter, and son-in-law have been killed in a car crash, his daily routines are suddenly thrown into disarray. He was forced to take care of his grandson, w...

2000.

1 Movie
Word and Utopia

Word and Utopia

2000
The story of Father Antonio Vieira, a 17th-century Portuguese priest who lived in Brazil and worked for better treatment of the Indians and to abolish slavery.

1999.

1 Movie
The Letter

The Letter

1999
A well-bred, lovely, spiritual, sad young woman marries an attentive physician who loves her. She feels affection but no love. Soon after, without design, she falls in love with Pedro Abrunhosa, a poe...

1998.

1 Movie
Anxiety

Anxiety

1998
An anthology film drama featuring a poetic mirror structure based on existential identity. In "The Immortals," adapted from a Helder Prista Monteiro play, two famous doctors, an 80-year-old father, an...

1997.

2 Movies
Marcello Mastroianni: I Remember

Marcello Mastroianni: I Remember

1997
In 1996, Mastroianni talks about his career as an actor. It's an anecdotal and philosophical memoir, moving from topic to topic, fully conscious of a man of a certain age. He tells stories about Felli...
Voyage to the Beginning of the World

Voyage to the Beginning of the World

1997
Manoel is an aging film director who travels with the film crew through Portugal in search of the origins of Afonso, a famous French actor whose father emigrated from Portugal to France and in the pro...

1996.

2 Movies
Party

Party

1996
The film takes an ironic look at the pretentiousness of international jet-setters while simultaneously examining an obsessive romantic relationship between an elderly lothario and a beautiful married ...
En une poignée de mains amies

En une poignée de mains amies

1996
"Enjoying an old port wine together, I was talking with Manoël about the bridges of Douro, and immediately we were of the same opinion: of all these bridges, the great work of art in the capital of mo...

1995.

1 Movie
The Convent

The Convent

1995
An American professor and his wife travel to a convent in Portugal to find documents that will prove his theory that Shakespeare was born in Spain.

1994.

2 Movies
Blind Man's Bluff

Blind Man's Bluff

1994
A blind beggar has his money taken from him. There is a dramatic situation in the street where he is begging every day.
Lisbon Story

Lisbon Story

1994
The film Lisbon Story is an homage to Lisbon and films. A sound engineer got a mysterious postcard from a friend who is currently filming a film in Lisbon. He goes to Europe to find him and help him.

1993.

2 Movies
Oliveira, l'architecte

Oliveira, l'architecte

1993
Paulo Rocha catches up with his “beloved subject” in Porto, where he made Douro, Faina Fluvial in 1929, and where today Oliveira reminisces about the figure of his father, his first experience of cine...
Abraham's Valley

Abraham's Valley

1993
Ema is a very attractive but innocent girl, so pretty that cars crash in her presence. Young marries Dr. Carlos Paiva, a father's friend, to whom she is not attracted. They move to the Valley of Abrah...

1992.

1 Movie
Day of Despair

Day of Despair

1992
There was a portrait of the last days of the writer.

1991.

1 Movie
The Divine Comedy

The Divine Comedy

1991
In a mental institution the patients see themselves as people like Jesus, Lázaro, Marta, Maria, Adão, Eve, Sonia, Raskolnikov, Aliosha e Ivan Karamasov, a Philosopher, a Profet, Santa Teresa d'Avila, ...

1990.

1 Movie
No, or the Vain Glory of Command

No, or the Vain Glory of Command

1990
A professorish soldier recounts episodes from the entire military history of Portugal while marching through a Portuguese African colony in 1973.

1988.

2 Movies
The Cannibals

The Cannibals

1988
This odd film is a major representative of an even odder film genre: direct-to-celluloid opera. It was commissioned by the Portuguese master of style, director Manoel de Oliveira from composer João Pa...
A Propósito da Bandeira Nacional

A Propósito da Bandeira Nacional

1988
The meaning of the Portuguese flag is the subject of a documentary.

1986.

2 Movies
Simpósio Internacional de Escultura em Pedra

Simpósio Internacional de Escultura em Pedra

1986
A documentary following the process of sculpting in stone, from the creation to the final work of art.
My Case

My Case

1986
Manoel de Oliveira plays his film in three stages: the first part - a play, the second can be roughly defined as a silent film (with the behind the scenes read excerpts from Beckett works), but in the...

1985.

1 Movie
The Satin Slipper

The Satin Slipper

1985
During the century of the Spanish Gold, Doña Prouhèze, wife of a nobleman, deeply loves Don Rodrigo, who is forced to leave Spain and go to America. Meanwhile Prouhèze is sent to Africa to rule the ci...

1983.

2 Movies
Lisboa Cultural

Lisboa Cultural

1983
Seventeen experts on history and arts deliver brief lessons on their favorite subjects, considered the most relevant to cover nine hundred years of Portuguese culture. The camera shows from a distance...
Nice - À propos de Jean Vigo

Nice - À propos de Jean Vigo

1983
Part of a series in which foreign filmmakers portray a region or town in France. Manoel de Oliveira looks at Nice.

1982.

1 Movie
The Conversation Is Over

The Conversation Is Over

1982
The film was to be a documentary, but evolved during production to a fictional film. It nevertheless adheres strictly to the poems and letters exchanged by two of the most outstanding names of the Mod...

1981.

2 Movies
Cinématon XI

Cinématon XI

1981
Cinematon is a series by Gérard Courant.
Francisca

Francisca

1981
The life of a young man, son of an English officer, who lets himself become a prisoner of love, resulting in fatalism and disgrace.

1979.

1 Movie
Doomed Love

Doomed Love

1979
A story about doomed love between two people from different worlds and the impact in their lives.

1978.

1 Movie · 1 TV show
Cinématon

Cinématon

1978
Cinématon is a 156-hour long experimental film by French director Gérard Courant. It was the longest film ever released until 2011. Composed over 36 years from 1978 until 2006, it consists of a series...
TV
Doomed Love

Doomed Love

1978
There is a story about doomed love between two people from different worlds. The novel of the same name was written by Portuguese writer Camilo Branco.

1975.

1 Movie
Benilde or The Virgin Mother

Benilde or The Virgin Mother

1975
A young girl, Benilde, so protected by her religious family that she seemingly knows nothing about procreation, insists that her mysterious pregnancy is a miracle; however, her distressed bourgeois fa...

1972.

1 Movie
Past and Present

Past and Present

1972
This is an interesting look at what motivates the leisurely classes in Portugal. Set in a spacious country home peopled with a wide-ranging cast of characters, the drama begins as the friends of a wid...

1965.

2 Movies
O Vitral e a Santa Morta

O Vitral e a Santa Morta

1965
The film was shown in the Venice Film Festival in 2008.
As Pinturas do Meu Irmão Júlio

As Pinturas do Meu Irmão Júlio

1965
The camera shows the vivid paintings by late Júlio Régio, with a narrative by his brother, while guitar tunes underline the mood and rhythm of the cinematography.

1964.

1 Movie
The Hunt

The Hunt

1964
Two friends decide to go hunting but without guns, so that no accident will happen. As they stroll and talk, one of them falls into a hole in a hidden marshland. His friend runs away, and manages to g...

1963.

2 Movies
The Green Years

The Green Years

6
1963
A 19-year-old from the provinces gets a job as a shoemaker in Lisbon for his uncle. When he meets Ilda, a confident young housemaid who becomes a regular shop visitor, his working-class values collide...
Acto da Primavera

Acto da Primavera

1963
According to a text from the 16th century, the local people of Curalha keep a tradition of representing the crucifixion of Jesus.

1959.

1 Movie
O Pão

O Pão

1959
Each day, Man must work around the clock to produce and acquire bread: throwing the seeds into earth, helping the breeding of the corn, the corn's recolt, transport to the mills - traditional or indus...

1956.

1 Movie
The Artist and the City

The Artist and the City

1956
The painter António Cruz wanders around the city of Porto painting what he sees: old and modern buildings, people arriving and leaving work in the factories, children playing. The impressionist realis...

1942.

1 Movie
Aniki-Bóbó

Aniki-Bóbó

1942
It's the first film by Manoel de Oliveira. The children in the story are from Porto. A children's game called Aniki-Bb has a similar rhyme to Eeny, meeny, miny, moe.

1941.

1 Movie
Famalicão

Famalicão

1941
Short documentary about the town of Famalicão, in the North of Portugal.

1938.

1 Movie
Já Se Fabricam Automóveis em Portugal

Já Se Fabricam Automóveis em Portugal

1938
Reflecting the filmmaker's passion for automobiles, who in his youth participated in car races, the film portrays the attempt to manufacture a new model in the Ford factory in the city of Porto.

1937.

1 Movie
Os Últimos Temporais - Cheias do Tejo

Os Últimos Temporais - Cheias do Tejo

1937
A series of images documenting the floods of the river Tagus. This film has been recovered and made available by the Cinemateca Portuguesa.

1933.

1 Movie
A Song of Lisbon

A Song of Lisbon

1933
Vasco is a medical student in Lisbon, supported by his rich aunts, whom he had falsely told he had already graduated. In fact, he devotes himself to a bohemian life, preferring the popular fairs and p...

1932.

1 Movie
Hulha Branca

Hulha Branca

1932
Filmed with the same camera and the film stock remains of Douro, Faina Fluvial, portrays the inauguration of the hydroelectric power plant of Ermal, owned by Manoel de Oliveira's father.

1931.

1 Movie
Working on the Douro River

Working on the Douro River

1931
There is a short silent documentary about people working on the River Douro in Oporto.

1928.

1 Movie
Fátima Milagrosa

Fátima Milagrosa

1928
Aninhas (Aida Lupo), a paralyzed girl, asks for a miracle from the saint of her devotion, Our Lady of Lourdes, at the chapel of Penha (Guimarães), but her prayer is not heard - She turns her devotion ...

Unknown Year.

1 Movie
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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Manoel_de_Oliveira", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
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