Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira (Portuguese: [mɐnuˈɛɫ doliˈvɐjɾɐ]; 11 December 1908 – 2 April 2015) was a Portuguese film director and screenwriter born in Cedofeita, Porto. He first began making films in 1927, when he and some friends attempted to make a film about World War I. In 1931 he completed his first film Douro, Faina Fluvial, a documentary about his home city Porto made in the city symphony genre. He made his feature film debut in 1942 with Aniki-Bóbó and continued to make shorts and documentaries for the next 30 years, gaining a minimal amount of recognition without being considered a major world film director. Among the numerous factors that prevented Oliveira from making more films during this time period were the political situation in Portugal, family obligations and money.In 1971, Oliveira directed his second feature narrative film, Past and Present, a social satire that both set the standard for his film career afterwards and gained him recognition in the global film community. He continued making films of growing ambition throughout the 1970s and 1980s, gaining critical acclaim and numerous awards. Beginning in the late 1980s he was one of the most prolific working film directors and made an average of one film per year past the age of 100. In March 2008 he was reported to be the oldest active film director in the world. He was also the only filmmaker whose active career spanned from the silent era to the digital age.Among his numerous awards were the Career Golden Lion from the 61st Venice International Film Festival, the Special Lion for the Overall Work in the 42nd Venice International Film Festival, an Honorary Golden Palm for his lifetime achievements in 2008 Cannes Film Festival, and the French Legion of Honor.
Manoel de Oliveira married Maria Isabel Brandão de Meneses de Almeida Carvalhais (1 September 1918 - 11 September 2019) in Porto on December 4, 1940. They remained married for nearly 75 years and had four children; their two sons are Manuel Casimiro Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (a painter born in 1941 known as Manuel Casimiro), Jose Manuel Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1944), and their two daughters Maria Isabel Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1947) and Adelaide Maria Brandão Carvalhais de Oliveira (born 1948). They have several grandchildren, including actor Ricardo Trêpa through his youngest daughter.In his younger days, Oliveira competed as a race car driver. During the 1937 Grand Prix season, he competed in and won the International Estoril Circuit race, driving a Ford V8 Special.Manoel de Oliveira, at the age of 101, was chosen to give the welcoming speech at Pope Benedict XVI's meeting with representatives of the Portuguese cultural world on May 12, 2010, at the Belém Cultural Center. In the speech, titled "Religion and Art", he said that morality and art may well have derived from the religious attempt at "an explanation of the existence of human beings" with regard to their "concrete insertion in the Cosmos". The arts "have always been strictly linked to religions" and Christianity has been "prodigal in artistic expressions". In an interview published the day before, Oliveira, who was raised a Catholic, said that, "doubts or not, the religious aspect of life has always accompanied me," and added, "All my films are religious."For several years before Oliveira's death, a feature film called A Igreja do Diabo (The Church of the Devil) was in development. In an interview conducted less than five months before his death, Oliveira revealed that he had plans for future films.
Oliveira was born on 11 December 1908 in Porto, Portugal, to Francisco José de Oliveira and Cândida Ferreira Pinto. His family were wealthy industrialists and agricultural landowners. His father owned a dry-goods factory, produced the first electric light bulbs in Portugal and built an electric energy plant before he died in 1932. Oliveira was educated at the Colégio Universal in Porto before attending a Jesuit boarding school in Galicia, Spain. As a teenager his goal was to become an actor. At 17, he joined his brothers as an executive in his father's factories, where he remained for the majority of his adult life when not making films. In a 1981 Sight and Sound article, John Gillett describes Oliveira as having "spent most of his life in business ... making films only when circumstances allowed."From an early age, Oliveira was interested in the poverty of the lower classes, the arts and especially films. While he named D. W. Griffith, Eric von Stroheim, Charlie Chaplin, Max Linder, Carl Dreyer's The Passion of Joan of Arc and Sergei Eisenstein's The General Line as early influences, he was also disappointed to have virtually no Portuguese filmmakers to emulate. The Portuguese film industry was also highly censored and restricted under the fascist Salazar regime that lasted from the early 1930s until the mid-1970s. His later films, such as The Cannibals and Belle Toujours (a sequel to Belle de Jour), suggest an affinity with Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel. He stated "I'm closer to Buñuel. He's a reverse Catholic and I was raised a Catholic. It's a religion that permits sin, and Buñuel at the very deepest is one of the most moralistic directors but he does everything to the contrary. I never say that I'm Catholic because to be Catholic is very difficult. I prefer to be thought of as a great sinner."
Movies & TV shows
Visit, or Memories and Confessions
A long-hidden, personal doc about leaving a beloved house by the late, revered Portuguese director Manoel de Oliveira.
A Century of Energy
Manoel de Oliveira's final work revisits one of his earliest films and celebrates a century of industrialization in Portugal.
An exploration of the movie "The strange case of Angelica" and an understanding Manoel de Oliveira's cinema.
Gebo and the Shadow
Despite his age and general weariness, Gebo keeps on working as an accountant to provide for his family. He lives with his wife, Doroteia, and his daughter-in-law, Sofia, but it is the absence of João...
Four voices and their visions of Guimarães, cradle city of the Portuguese nation and European Capital of Culture in 2012.
2 Movies · 1 TV show
Agnès Varda: From Here to There
Agnès Varda travels around the world to meet friends, artists and filmmakers for an expansive view of the global contemporary art scene.
Agnès Varda: From Here to There
A cultural series from Agns Varda.
An anthology film following different stories around the theme of invisibility in the modern world.
The Midnight Sun Film Festival is held every June in the Finnish village of Sodankylä beyond the arctic circle—where the sun never sets. Founded by Aki and Mika Kaurismäki along with Anssi Mänttäri an...
The Panels of São Vicente de Fora: A Poetic Vision
The characters from a historical piece of art come to life to discuss poignant themes such as war and world peace.
The Strange Case of Angelica
A young photographer falls in love with a woman he can't have, except in his dreams. The last photograph of a young bride was taken at the request of a wealthy family. The young woman appears to come ...
Eccentricities of a Blonde-Haired Girl
Macário spends an entire train journey to the Algarve talking to a woman he does not know about the trials and tribulations of his love life: straight after starting his first job as a book keeper at ...
To Each His Own Cinema
The film had 33 shorts.
Manoel de Oliveira, O Caso Dele
A tribute documentary to Manoel de Oliveira, on occasion of his 100th birthday.
Christopher Columbus, The Enigma
A true story of a doctor and his wife who went on a journey in order to prove that discoverer Christopher Columbus was in fact Portuguese. Inspired by the book "Cristóvão Colon Era Português".
The 15th Stone
Joáo Bénard da Costa, director of the Portuguese National Film Archives [deceased in 2009], interviews the dean of contemporaneous film directors [96-years-old then]. Two humanists of different philos...
Conversazione a Porto
A conversation between the filmmaker Manoel de Olivieira and the writer Agustina Bessa-Luís.
No Tempo do Cinema
A 58 minute documentary about the life of João Bénard da Costa.
Luciano, fresh out of jail, was taken by his brother, Flórido, to serve in the home of wealthy Alfreda. He was surprised when she told him that her greatest desire was to see the Virgin Mary. Now come...
Henri Husson thinks he sees Séverine at a concert. He took a slow revenge on her after making her face.
Do visível ao invísivel
A satirical short film about technology.
Jornal Português (1938-1951)
The newsreel series Jornal Português (1938-1951) was produced for the Secretariat of National Propaganda (SPN/SNI) by the "Portuguese Newsreel Society" (SPAC), under the technical supervision of Antón...
Agostinho da Silva - A Living Thought
There is a life and legacy of Agostinho da Silva. The biographical journey, the life and work of the Luso-Brazilian philosopher, this work has testimonies from himself and various people of Portugal a...
A Talking Picture
There is a meditation on civilization. Friends wave as a cruise ship leaves Lisbon for Mediterranean ports and the Indian Ocean. On board and on day trips in Pompeii, Athens, Istanbul, and Cairo, a pr...
Porto of My Childhood
A documentary about returning to his hometown was made by Manoel de Oliveira.
I'm Going Home
When Gilbert Valence learns that his wife, daughter, and son-in-law have been killed in a car crash, his daily routines are suddenly thrown into disarray. He was forced to take care of his grandson, w...
A well-bred, lovely, spiritual, sad young woman marries an attentive physician who loves her. She feels affection but no love. Soon after, without design, she falls in love with Pedro Abrunhosa, a poe...
An anthology film drama featuring a poetic mirror structure based on existential identity. In "The Immortals," adapted from a Helder Prista Monteiro play, two famous doctors, an 80-year-old father, an...
Marcello Mastroianni: I Remember
In 1996, Mastroianni talks about his career as an actor. It's an anecdotal and philosophical memoir, moving from topic to topic, fully conscious of a man of a certain age. He tells stories about Felli...
Voyage to the Beginning of the World
Manoel is an aging film director who travels with the film crew through Portugal in search of the origins of Afonso, a famous French actor whose father emigrated from Portugal to France and in the pro...
The film takes an ironic look at the pretentiousness of international jet-setters while simultaneously examining an obsessive romantic relationship between an elderly lothario and a beautiful married ...
En une poignée de mains amies
"Enjoying an old port wine together, I was talking with Manoël about the bridges of Douro, and immediately we were of the same opinion: of all these bridges, the great work of art in the capital of mo...
Blind Man's Bluff
A blind beggar has his money taken from him. There is a dramatic situation in the street where he is begging every day.
The film Lisbon Story is an homage to Lisbon and films. A sound engineer got a mysterious postcard from a friend who is currently filming a film in Lisbon. He goes to Europe to find him and help him.
Paulo Rocha catches up with his “beloved subject” in Porto, where he made Douro, Faina Fluvial in 1929, and where today Oliveira reminisces about the figure of his father, his first experience of cine...
Ema is a very attractive but innocent girl, so pretty that cars crash in her presence. Young marries Dr. Carlos Paiva, a father's friend, to whom she is not attracted. They move to the Valley of Abrah...
The Divine Comedy
In a mental institution the patients see themselves as people like Jesus, Lázaro, Marta, Maria, Adão, Eve, Sonia, Raskolnikov, Aliosha e Ivan Karamasov, a Philosopher, a Profet, Santa Teresa d'Avila, ...
This odd film is a major representative of an even odder film genre: direct-to-celluloid opera. It was commissioned by the Portuguese master of style, director Manoel de Oliveira from composer João Pa...
A Propósito da Bandeira Nacional
The meaning of the Portuguese flag is the subject of a documentary.
Simpósio Internacional de Escultura em Pedra
A documentary following the process of sculpting in stone, from the creation to the final work of art.
Manoel de Oliveira plays his film in three stages: the first part - a play, the second can be roughly defined as a silent film (with the behind the scenes read excerpts from Beckett works), but in the...
The Satin Slipper
During the century of the Spanish Gold, Doña Prouhèze, wife of a nobleman, deeply loves Don Rodrigo, who is forced to leave Spain and go to America. Meanwhile Prouhèze is sent to Africa to rule the ci...
Seventeen experts on history and arts deliver brief lessons on their favorite subjects, considered the most relevant to cover nine hundred years of Portuguese culture. The camera shows from a distance...
Nice - À propos de Jean Vigo
Part of a series in which foreign filmmakers portray a region or town in France. Manoel de Oliveira looks at Nice.
The Conversation Is Over
The film was to be a documentary, but evolved during production to a fictional film. It nevertheless adheres strictly to the poems and letters exchanged by two of the most outstanding names of the Mod...
1 Movie · 1 TV show
Cinématon is a 156-hour long experimental film by French director Gérard Courant. It was the longest film ever released until 2011. Composed over 36 years from 1978 until 2006, it consists of a series...
There is a story about doomed love between two people from different worlds. The novel of the same name was written by Portuguese writer Camilo Branco.
Benilde or The Virgin Mother
A young girl, Benilde, so protected by her religious family that she seemingly knows nothing about procreation, insists that her mysterious pregnancy is a miracle; however, her distressed bourgeois fa...
Past and Present
This is an interesting look at what motivates the leisurely classes in Portugal. Set in a spacious country home peopled with a wide-ranging cast of characters, the drama begins as the friends of a wid...
Two friends decide to go hunting but without guns, so that no accident will happen. As they stroll and talk, one of them falls into a hole in a hidden marshland. His friend runs away, and manages to g...
The Green Years
A 19-year-old from the provinces gets a job as a shoemaker in Lisbon for his uncle. When he meets Ilda, a confident young housemaid who becomes a regular shop visitor, his working-class values collide...
Acto da Primavera
According to a text from the 16th century, the local people of Curalha keep a tradition of representing the crucifixion of Jesus.
Each day, Man must work around the clock to produce and acquire bread: throwing the seeds into earth, helping the breeding of the corn, the corn's recolt, transport to the mills - traditional or indus...
The Artist and the City
The painter António Cruz wanders around the city of Porto painting what he sees: old and modern buildings, people arriving and leaving work in the factories, children playing. The impressionist realis...
Já Se Fabricam Automóveis em Portugal
Reflecting the filmmaker's passion for automobiles, who in his youth participated in car races, the film portrays the attempt to manufacture a new model in the Ford factory in the city of Porto.
A Song of Lisbon
Vasco is a medical student in Lisbon, supported by his rich aunts, whom he had falsely told he had already graduated. In fact, he devotes himself to a bohemian life, preferring the popular fairs and p...
Filmed with the same camera and the film stock remains of Douro, Faina Fluvial, portrays the inauguration of the hydroelectric power plant of Ermal, owned by Manoel de Oliveira's father.
Aninhas (Aida Lupo), a paralyzed girl, asks for a miracle from the saint of her devotion, Our Lady of Lourdes, at the chapel of Penha (Guimarães), but her prayer is not heard - She turns her devotion ...
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Manoel_de_Oliveira", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.