Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two nonfiction works. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, and three nonfiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he was a reporter for a few months for The Kansas City Star before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. In 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms (1929).In 1921, Hemingway married Hadley Richardson, the first of four wives. They moved to Paris where he worked as a foreign correspondent and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s' "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His debut novel The Sun Also Rises was published in 1926. He divorced Richardson in 1927. He married Pauline Pfeiffer. They divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War (1936—1939), which he covered as a journalist and which was the basis for his novel For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940. He and Gelhorn separated after he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. Hemingway was present with Allied troops as a journalist at the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris.Hemingway maintained permanent residences in Key West, Florida (in the 1930s) and in Cuba (in the 1940s and 1950s). He almost died in 1954 after plane crashes on successive days, with injuries leaving him in pain and ill health for much of the rest of his life. In 1959 he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho where, in mid-1961, he died by suicide with a shotgun.
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, an affluent suburb just west of Chicago, to Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a physician, and Grace Hall Hemingway, a musician. His parents were well-educated and well-respected in Oak Park, a conservative community about which resident Frank Lloyd Wright said, "So many churches for so many good people to go to." When Clarence and Grace Hemingway married in 1896, they lived with Grace's father, Ernest Hall, after whom they named their first son, the second of their six children. His sister Marcelline preceded him in 1898, followed by Ursula in 1902, Madelaine in 1904, Carol in 1911, and Leicester in 1915.Hemingway's mother, a well-known musician in the village, taught her son to play the cello despite his refusal to learn; though later in life he admitted the music lessons contributed to his writing style, evidenced for example in the "contrapuntal structure" of For Whom the Bell Tolls. As an adult Hemingway professed to hate his mother, although biographer Michael S. Reynolds points out that he shared similar energies and enthusiasms.Each summer the family traveled to Windemere on Walloon Lake, near Petoskey, Michigan. There young Ernest joined his father and learned to hunt, fish, and camp in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan, early experiences that instilled a life-long passion for outdoor adventure and living in remote or isolated areas.Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High School in Oak Park from 1913 until 1917. He was a good athlete, involved with a number of sports—boxing, track and field, water polo, and football; performed in the school orchestra for two years with his sister Marcelline; and received good grades in English classes. During his last two years at high school he edited the Trapeze and Tabula (the school's newspaper and yearbook), where he imitated the language of sportswriters and used the pen name Ring Lardner, Jr.—a nod to Ring Lardner of the Chicago Tribune whose byline was "Line O'Type". Like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, and Sinclair Lewis, Hemingway was a journalist before becoming a novelist. After leaving high school he went to work for The Kansas City Star as a cub reporter. Although he stayed there for only six months, he relied on the Star's style guide as a foundation for his writing: "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative."
Movies & TV shows
1 Movie · 1 TV show
Ernest Hemingway, quatre mariages et un enterrement
The unpublished portrait of a giant of American literature was created by the women who shared his life. Hemingway was a war correspondent and lover of deep-sea fishing.
One of the greatest and most influential writers America has ever produced was Ernest Hemingway. The series reveals the brilliant, ambitious, charismatic, and complicated man behind the myth, and the ...
An in-depth investigation into the private world of the American writer J. D is a letter D. The author, who lived most of his life behind a wall of self-imposed seclusion, how his dramatic experiences...
Ernest Hemingway is an almost mythical figure. In addition to being an author, he is literary work himself - a real rock star ante litteram. Much of his life has been an eternal holiday, minutely docu...
As a father begins to sell his son's baby shoes and clothes, we see his thoughts of the child's life.
A War in Hollywood
Many movies were made about the Spanish Civil War because it affected the lives of many American artists. Those who sympathized with the cause of the Spanish Republic had an open wound in their hearts...
Hills like white elephants
Hills Like White Elephants is a 2002 short film based on a story by Ernest Hemingway. Hemingway's story was published in 1927 in the second collection of short stories titled Men without Woman.
The Kid Stays in the Picture
The Robert Evans documentary is based on his memoir.
After the Storm
Arno is a world-weary scavenger who is on the run from the police. When the tycoon's yacht goes down in a storm, can Arno partner with a fellow sea scavenger to loot the ship's bounty? The film is bas...
The Old Man and the Sea
The Old Man and the Sea (Russian: Старик и море) is a 1999 paint-on-glass-animated short film directed by Aleksandr Petrov, based on the novel of the same name by Ernest Hemingway. The film won many a...
Ernest Hemingway: Wrestling with Life
A&E's long-running biography series takes a look at one of the 20th century's most emblematic figures, Ernest Hemingway. Through a collection of still photography, narration by granddaughter Mariel He...
The Old Man and the Sea
The novel was written by Ernest Hemingway. Santiago catches the biggest fish of his life on a fishing trip. A shark tries to steal his catch.
Women and Men: Stories of Seduction
The tales are based on classic short stories and chronicle the complicated relations between the sexes.
Gary Cooper: American Life, American Legend
Clint Eastwood hosted Hollywood Remembers: Gary Cooper -- American Life, American Legend, a biographical portrait of the life and times of movie star Gary Cooper. The actor's life from his early days ...
A sailor who only has one hand is able to sail his small boat. Due to its hot climate and hard living conditions, dangerous criminals are sent into exile in his village. They want to escape from the a...
Islands in the Stream
Before the start of WWII, an isolated sculptor is visited by his three sons.
When Harold returns from World War I, he finds that he doesn't fit in anymore. His mother wants him to rejoin society, even though he needs peace and quiet to figure out what happened to him.
Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man
Young and restless Nick Adams, the only son of a domineering mother and a weak but noble doctor father, leaves his rural Michigan home to embark on a cross-country journey. He was touched by his encou...
For Whom the Bell Tolls: Part 2
The Second and final part of CBS studio's production of For Whom the Bell Tolls. The completion of the mission has tragic consequences.
For Whom the Bell Tolls: Part 1
During the Spanish Civil War, an American allied with the Republicans finds romance during a desperate mission to blow up a strategically important bridge.
The Old Man and the Sea
Santiago is an aging, down-on-his-luck, Cuban fisherman who, after catching nothing for nearly 3 months, hooks a huge Marlin and struggles to land it far out in the Gulf Stream.
The Gun Runners
The short story "To Have and Have Not" was written by Hemingway. The early days of the Cuban revolution are the subject of the plot. A charter boat skipper is involved in a gunrunning scheme to get mo...
The Sun Also Rises
A group of American expatriates live a hedonistic lifestyle in France and Spain in the 1920's.
A Farewell to Arms
A farewell to arms is a 1957 American drama film. The second feature film adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's 1929 semi-autobiographical novel of the same name was written by Ben Hecht. David O produced ...
The film The Killers was written and directed by the Soviet and Russian film director Andrei Tarkovsky. The short story "The Killers" was written in 1927 by Ernest Hemingway. Tarkovsky produced his fi...
Two men walk into a diner and ask for a man. He doesn't put up a fight when the killers find the Swede. An investigator decided to look into the murder since the Swede had a life insurance policy. As ...
For Whom the Bell Tolls
Robert Jordan lived in Spain in the 1930s. Jordan, who has joined up on the side that appeals most to idealists of that era, has been given a high-risk assignment up in the mountains. He is waiting fo...
A Farewell to Arms
The story of the World War I love affair began in Italy. Frederic Henry and a nurse. As the war rages on, tremendous challenges and difficult decisions face each, separated by Frederic's transfer.