Marius Ivanovich Petipa (Russian: Мариус Иванович Петипа), born Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa (11 March 1818 – 14 July [O.S. 1 July] 1910), was a French ballet dancer, pedagogue and choreographer. Petipa is one of the most influential ballet masters and choreographers in ballet history.Marius Petipa is noted for his long career as Premier maître de ballet (First Ballet Master) of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres, making him Ballet Master and principal choreographer of the Imperial Ballet (today known as the Mariinsky Ballet), a position he held from 1871 until 1903. Petipa created over fifty ballets, some of which have survived in versions either faithful to, inspired by, or reconstructed from the original. Among these works, he is most noted for The Pharaoh's Daughter (1862); Don Quixote (1869); La Bayadère (1877); Le Talisman (1889); The Sleeping Beauty (1890); The Nutcracker (choreographed jointly with Lev Ivanov) (1892); Le Réveil de Flore (1894); La Halte de cavalerie (1896); Raymonda (1898); Les Saisons (1900), and Les Millions d’Arlequin (a.k.a. Harlequinade) (1900).Petipa revived a substantial number of works created by other choreographers. Many of these revivals would go on to become the definitive editions on which all subsequent productions would be based. The most famous of these revivals were Le Corsaire, Giselle, La Esmeralda, Coppélia, La Fille Mal Gardée (with Lev Ivanov), The Little Humpbacked Horse and Swan Lake (with Lev Ivanov).Many pieces have survived in an independent form from Petipa's original works and revivals in spite of the fact that the full-length ballets that spawned them had disappeared from the Imperial Ballet's repertoire. Many of these pieces have endured in versions either based on the original or choreographed anew by others – the Grand Pas classique, Pas de trois and Mazurka des enfants from Paquita; Le Carnaval de Venise Pas de deux from Satanella; The Talisman Pas de deux; La Esmeralda Pas de deux; the Diana and Actéon Pas de deux; La Halte de Cavalerie Pas de deux; the Don Quixote Pas de deux; La Fille Mal Gardée Pas de deux; and the Harlequinade Pas de deux.All of the full-length works and individual pieces which have survived in active performance are considered to be cornerstones of the ballet repertory.
Marius Petipa was born Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa in Marseilles, France on 11 March 1818. His mother, Victorine Grasseau, was a tragic actress and teacher of drama, while his father, Jean-Antoine Petipa, was among the most renowned Ballet Masters and pedagogues in Europe. At the time of Marius's birth, Jean Petipa was engaged as Premier danseur (Principal Male Dancer) to the Salle Bauveau (known today as the Opéra de Marseille), and in 1819 he was appointed Maître de ballet to that theatre.Marius Petipa spent his early childhood traveling throughout Europe with his family, as his parents' professional engagements took them from city to city. By the time Marius was six years old, his family had settled in Brussels in what was then the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, where his father was appointed Maître de ballet and Premier danseur to the Théâtre de la Monnaie. The young Marius received his general education at the Grand College in Brussels, while also attending the Brussels Conservatory where he studied music and learned to play the violin.Just as he had done with his other children, Jean Petipa began giving the young Marius lessons in ballet at the age of seven. At first the young boy resisted, caring very little for dance. Nevertheless, he soon came to love this art form that was so much the life and identity of his family, and he excelled quickly. At the age of nine Marius performed for the first time in a ballet production as a Savoyard in his father's staging of Pierre Gardel's 1800 ballet La Dansomanie in 1827.On 25 August 1830, the Belgian Revolution erupted after a performance of Daniel Auber's opera La muette de Portici at the Théâtre de la Monnaie, where Marius' father now served as Premier maître de ballet. The violent street fighting that followed caused all theatres to be shut down for a time, and consequently Jean Petipa found himself without a position. The Petipa family was left in dire straits for some years.The Petipa family relocated to Bordeaux, France, in 1834 where Marius' father had secured the position of Premier maître de ballet to the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux. While in Bordeaux, Marius completed his ballet training under the great Auguste Vestris. By 1838 he was appointed Premier danseur to the Ballet de Nantes in Nantes, France. During his time in Nantes the young Petipa began to try his hand at choreography by creating a number of one-act ballets and divertissements.The 21-year-old Marius Petipa accompanied his father on a tour of the United States with a group of French dancers in July 1839. Among the many engagements was a performance of Jean Coralli's La tarentule at the National Theatre on Broadway, being the first ballet performance ever seen in New York City. The tour proved to be a disaster, as many in the uncultured American audiences of that time had never before seen ballet. To add to the fiasco, the American impresario who arranged the engagements stole a large portion of the troupe's receipts and quickly disappeared without a trace. Upon leaving for France, Petipa's ticket only allowed him passage to Nantes, but instead of returning to that city he stowed away in the cabin of a woman he had seduced so that he could secure passage to Paris.By 1840, Petipa had made his début with the ballet company of the Comédie Française in Paris. His first performance with this troupe was given as a benefit performance for the actress Rachel where he partnered the legendary ballerina Carlotta Grisi. Petipa also took part in performances at the Paris Opéra where his brother Lucien Petipa was engaged as Premier danseur.
Movies & TV shows
The Sleeping Beauty (The Royal Ballet)
The fairy Carabosse was upset she wasn't invited to Princess Aurora's funeral. She told the baby that one day the Princess will cut her finger on it and she will die. Aurora will not die, but will fal...
Concerto / Enigma Variations / Raymonda Act III (Royal Ballet)
From The Royal Ballet’s classical origins in the works of Petipa, to the home-grown choreographers who put British ballet on the world stage, this mixed programme highlights the versatility of the Com...
Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake, a ballet in three acts, is present by the Ballet Company of the National Opera of Ukraine, with music provided by the Orchestra of the National Opera of Ukraine, conducted by ...
Bolshoi Ballet: Raymonda
Raymonda will marry Jean de Brienne, a knight who promised to go on a crusade led by the King of Hungary. When her beloved leaves, a foreign knight threatens to kill her if she doesn't accept him.
The Nutcracker and the Four Realms
When Clara's mother leaves her a mysterious gift, she goes on a journey to four secret realms, where she discovers her greatest strength could change the world.
La Bayadère (The Royal Ballet)
La Bayadre is a story of eternal love, mystery, fate, vengeance, and justice, set in the Royal India of the past. The ballet tells the story of a temple dancer who is in love with a noble warrior. She...
The Nutcracker (Royal Opera House)
Clara is given an enchanted Nutcracker doll on Christmas Eve. As midnight strikes, she creeps downstairs to find a magical adventure awaiting her and her Nutcracker. Recorded on stage 3 December 2018—...
The Royal Ballet performs Tchaikovsky's classic ballet, choreographed by Liam Scarlett and starring Marianela Nunez as Odette/Odile and Vadim Muntagirov as Prince Siegfried.
Bolshoi Ballet: Coppélia
Swanhilda notices her fiancee Franz is infatuated with the beautiful Coppélia who sits reading on her balcony each day. Nearly breaking up the two sweethearts, Coppélia is not what she seems and Swanh...
The Sleeping Beauty
The Royal Ballet has a special place for the Sleeping Beauty. After World War II, the Royal Opera House was reopened and its first production was in Covent Garden. Robert Helpmann danced the role of P...
Bolshoi Ballet: Don Quixote
Don Quixote of La Mancha and his faithful servant, Sancho Panza, set out on an adventure to meet their ideal woman, Dulcinea, inspired by heroic stories of brave knights. The Bolshoi's critically accl...
The Sleeping Beauty
Sleeping Beauty is performed by the Australian Ballet. With lavish sets and costumes by designer Gabriela Tylesova, this ballet casts a spell of delight all the way to the true love's kiss.
The young Clara creeps downstairs on Christmas Eve to play with her favourite present – a Nutcracker. But the mysterious magician Drosselmeyer is waiting to sweep her off on a magical adventure. Afte...
The peasant girl Giselle discovers the true identity of her lover Albrecht – and that he is promised to another. Giselle kills herself. Her soul enters the ranks of the Wilis – shades of young women ...
Bolshoi Ballet: The Pharaoh's Daughter
Traveling through Egypt in the 19th century, an Englishman falls asleep inside a pyramid and travels back in time to the days of the pharaohs, where he immediately falls in love with the daughter of t...
Don Quixote (The Royal Ballet)
Carlos Acosta's first venture directing one of ballet's 19th century classics was eagerly anticipated, as was his own starring role in the production (as Basilio), opposite the Argentinian Royal Balle...
Giselle discovered the true identity of her lover, and that she was promised another. One of The Royal Ballet's most loved and admired productions, faithful to the spirit of the 1841 original yet alwa...
Bolshoi Ballet: La Bayadère
The beautiful dancer Nikiya and the warrior Solor swore eternal fidelity when they met in secret. The High Brahmin is in love with them. He rushed to tell the Rajah that Solor will marry his daughter....
Recorded live from the Teatro all Scala, Milan, 2011
Live recording at Opéra-Bastille in 2012.
Bolshoi Ballet: Le Corsaire
This jewel of the repertory features a lavish production complete with a shipwreck, pirates, and some of ballet's most renowned scenes.
Bolshoi Ballet: Raymonda
Raymonda is celebrating her birthday at the castle. She is about to say goodbye to Jean de Brienne, who is going on a crusade. Raymonda dreams at night that she is taken to a garden where she will be ...
Bolshoi Ballet: Coppélia
The happy version has a beautiful mechanical doll interfering with the happiness of two lovers. The original dance routine was choreographed by Marius Petita. Sergei Vikharev has created a new version...
La Esmeralda is a ballet in three acts and five scenes, inspired by the novel Notre-Dame de Paris by Victor Hugo, originally choreographed by Jules Perrot to music by Cesare Pugni, with sets by Willia...
Marius Petipa’s exotic ballet set in legendary India is a story of love, death and vengeful judgement. Natalia Makarova’s sumptuous recreation of Petipa’s choreography, with atmospheric sets by Pier L...
Bolshoi Ballet: The Sleeping Beauty
In this resplendent and magical classic, the Bolshoi dancers - including David Hallberg in his Bolshoi debut - take us on a dream-like journey through this classic fairy tale complete with jewel fairi...
The Bolshoi Ballet: The Nutcracker
A masterpiece of classical dance, this Nutcracker is a magical version of the score by Tchaikovsky filmed at the Bolshoi Theatre. There was a live recording in December of 2010.
Breathtaking sets and costumes were designed by Ezio Frigerio and Franca Squarciapino. This fully restored version of Petipa's ballet is directed and choreographed by Nureyev. In 1994 there was a live...
Yolanda Sonnabend's Faberge'-inspired designs evoke a world of Imperial Russia in Anthony Dowell's acclaimed production for The Royal Ballet of 'Swan Lake', one of the world's best-loved ballets. Mar...
La Scala Ballet: La Bayadère
Natalia Makarova's 1992 production of La Bayadere was recorded in 2006 and features two international ballet stars.
The Sleeping Beauty
The Royal Ballet's glorious reinterpretation of its signature work - live from the Royal Opera House. Tchaikovsky's greatest score and Marius Petipa's stunning choreography worked in perfect harmony, ...
Don Quixote (Kirov Ballet)
The story of Don Quixote tells of the old knight who dreams of chivalry and his comic squire, Sancho Panza. This performance by the Kirov has been hailed as one of the greatest large cast ballet produ...
The Australian Ballet: Coppélia
This delightful ballet tells the story of Dr Coppelius, an eccentric toymaker, who attempts to bring life to his beautiful doll Coppélia. He is foiled by the mischevious Swanilda, who masquerades as ...
Swan Lake - The Kirov Ballet
In this production of the best loved classical ballet 'Swan Lake' the naturally gifted Yulia Makhalina dances the challenging role of Odette/Odile while the part of Prince Siegfried is danced by Igor ...
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Marius_Petipa", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.