Kemal Atatürk (or alternatively written as Kamâl Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal Pasha until 1934, commonly referred to as Mustafa Kemal Atatürk; circa 1881 – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman, author, and the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first president from 1923 until his death in 1938. He undertook sweeping progressive reforms, which modernized Turkey into a secular, industrial nation. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism. Due to his military and political accomplishments, Atatürk is regarded as one of the most important political leaders of the 20th century.Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli (1915) during World War I. Following the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers. Establishing a provisional government in the present-day Turkish capital Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies, thus emerging victorious from what was later referred to as the Turkish War of Independence. He subsequently proceeded to abolish the decrepit Ottoman Empire and proclaimed the foundation of the Turkish Republic in its place. As the president of the newly formed Turkish Republic, Atatürk initiated a rigorous program of political, economic, and cultural reforms with the ultimate aim of building a modern, progressive and secular nation-state. He made primary education free and compulsory, opening thousands of new schools all over the country. He also introduced the Latin-based Turkish alphabet, replacing the old Ottoman Turkish alphabet. Turkish women received equal civil and political rights during Atatürk's presidency. In particular, women were given voting rights in local elections by Act no. 1580 on 3 April 1930 and a few years later, in 1934, full universal suffrage.His government carried out a policy of Turkification, trying to create a homogeneous and unified nation. Under Atatürk, non-Turkish minorities were pressured to speak Turkish in public; non-Turkish toponyms and last names of minorities had to be changed to Turkish renditions. The Turkish Parliament granted him the surname Atatürk in 1934, which means "Father of the Turks", in recognition of the role he played in building the modern Turkish Republic. He died on 10 November 1938 at Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul, at the age of 57; he was succeeded as President by his long-time Prime Minister İsmet İnönü and was honored with a state funeral. His iconic mausoleum in Ankara, built and opened in 1953, is surrounded by a park called the Peace Park in honor of his famous expression "Peace at Home, Peace in the World". In 1981, the centennial of Atatürk's birth, his memory was honoured by the United Nations and UNESCO, which declared it The Atatürk Year in the World and adopted the Resolution on the Atatürk Centennial, describing him as "the leader of the first struggle given against colonialism and imperialism" and a "remarkable promoter of the sense of understanding between peoples and durable peace between the nations of the world and that he worked all his life for the development of harmony and cooperation between peoples without distinction". Atatürk is commemorated by many memorials and places named in his honor throughout Turkey and the world. Eleftherios Venizelos, former Prime Minister of Greece, forwarded Atatürk's name for the 1934 Nobel Peace Prize.
Filmes e Séries de TV
1 Série de TV
Hatimu Sedingin Salju
Arman está disposto a sacrificar seu amor por Rania depois de conhecer seu bom amigo, Haikal pôs esperança em Raina. Desde então, Arman só foi capaz de suprimir seus sentimentos até que em um ponto el...
1 Filme · 2 Séries de TV
A concupiscência de uma mulher devota pela virtude empurra sua família em um sacrifício de proporções bíblicas..
Pengantin Satu Malam
Zulaikha Nasreen está desesperada e Zahred Hadri odeia mulheres..
Maaf Tak Indah
Quando Syazan está grávida, o casamento feliz dela e Raimie mudou de repente. Eles só perceberam que seus desejos eram diferentes depois disso. Raimie queria um filho, apesar do fato de que Syazan não...
1 Filme · 1 Série de TV
Villa Ghazara nomeada em homenagem à combinação do nome do seu proprietário, a saber, Dr. Ghazaly Baqri (Ghaz), um médico de cosméticos que também é membro do conselho de um hospital particular bem co...
Pok Ya Cong Codei
Pak Ya é o gângster local em Kelantan (conhecido como gedebe em dialeto Kelantanese). Ele conseguiu o emprego para encontrar a famosa filha desaparecida do advogado Dato Ishak em Kuala Lumpur..
1 Série de TV
Pergilah Air Mata Raya
A história começa com o personagem principal Sabrina, uma menina ingênua de uma aldeia cuja vida não está exposta a elementos negativos. Algo infeliz aconteceu a Sabrina quando ela foi raptada por sua...
Cinta Hati Suri
Aril is a 28-year-old "photojournalist" in a magazine, owned by Datuk Safuan. One day he was assigned to cover the story of Eyes, a non-governmental organization that helps the blind.
Awak Nak Kahwin Dengan Saya?
Esta história conta sobre o romance entre Andika e Puteri. Andika é um Editor Chefe de uma revista, enquanto Puteri trabalha como assistente pessoal de Andika. A história começa quando Andika recebeu ...
Gila-Gila Remaja 2
The sequel of the 1985 classic “Gila-Gila Remaja” follows the modern youngsters in Malaysian society and takes a long ride to see the struggles faced by the young guns with actions, comedy, relationsh...
"Bujang Telajak" conta a história de três melhores amigos, interpretados por Saiful, Nabil dan Johan, que se apaixonam pela mesma garota, chamada Puteri (Fazura) e acabam competindo entre si. Os três ...
2 Hati, 1 Jiwa
LANA and LINA will always have differences within themselves. Nevertheless, they still managed to live as good friends with each other. Since small, they have been protected by their parents against ...
Hooperz tells the story of a group of young girls who plays for their netball team. The variation of characters and backgrounds of the team players plays a huge role in the film. The playing court wil...
Syurga Cinta é sobre o amor entre duas pessoas com ideologias diferentes, um menino muçulmano chamado Irham (Awal Ashaari) que vive um estilo de vida muito moderno, ocidental, e uma moça muçulmana cha...
Kami The Movie
A história inicia-se com a fuga de AbuÕs do centro juvenil e sua reunião com Ali e as meninas para comemorar o papel final e o último dia dos exames SPM marcando o fim do ensino médio...... e o início...
This film is about a futuristic life in the year 2021 where people lived in peace and harmony without any crimes being committed throughout the years. Kamal who had been migrated to America for the pa...
The story starts with Azlee trading his cute Kancil for a Proton Wira through a salesman named Borhan. Azlee plans to take his wife Zati and their son Zizi to Cherating. After Azlee left, Borhan meets...
Azizah, a village girls works in Kuala Lumpur. She meets Ramli, who gives her singing lessons. Azizah look every bit like Fariha. Dato’ Hamdan’s daughter in law, who has passed away, Romzi tries to ma...
Pening Pening Lalat
Zakaria (AR Badul) a caça ao interesse atirou em um jovem, Dino e trazê-lo para casa. Dino, na verdade prisioneiros que conseguiram escapar da prisão. Ele ganhou o coração de crianças Aliza Zakaria co...
Rhoma, aka Budi, a vagabond again, is hit by a motorcyclist on a rainy day. Budi is taken back by friends and treated. Meanwhile, Ani finally finds the sick Budi. They then meet often causing Surya to...