Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini

Known for: Acting
Biography: 1883-07-29
Deathday: 1945-04-28 (61 years old)

Biography

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (UK: , US: , Italian: [beˈniːto aˈmilkare anˈdrɛːa mussoˈliːni]; 29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian dictator and journalist who founded and led the National Fascist Party (PNF). He was Prime Minister of Italy from the March on Rome in 1922 until his deposition in 1943, as well as "Duce" of Italian fascism from the establishment of the Italian Fasces of Combat in 1919 until his summary execution in 1945 by Italian partisans. As dictator of Italy and principal founder of fascism, Mussolini inspired and supported the international spread of fascist movements during the inter-war period.

Mussolini was originally a socialist politician and a journalist at the Avanti! newspaper. In 1912, he became a member of the National Directorate of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), but he was expelled from the PSI for advocating military intervention in World War I, in opposition to the party's stance on neutrality. In 1914, Mussolini founded a new newspaper, Il Popolo d'Italia, and served in the Royal Italian Army during the war until he was wounded and discharged in 1917. Mussolini denounced the PSI, his views now centering on Italian nationalism instead of socialism, and later founded the fascist movement which came to oppose egalitarianism and class conflict, instead advocating "revolutionary nationalism" transcending class lines. On 31 October 1922, following the March on Rome (28–30 October), Mussolini was appointed prime minister by King Victor Emmanuel III, becoming the youngest individual to hold the office up to that time. After removing all political opposition through his secret police and outlawing labour strikes, Mussolini and his followers consolidated power through a series of laws that transformed the nation into a one-party dictatorship. Within five years, Mussolini established dictatorial authority by both legal and illegal means and aspired to create a totalitarian state. In 1929, Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty with the Holy See to establish Vatican City.

Mussolini's foreign policy aimed to expand Italian possessions and the fascist sphere of influence. In the 1920s, he ordered the Pacification of Libya, ordered the bombing of Corfu over an incident with Greece, established a protectorate over Albania, and incorporated the city of Fiume into Italy by agreement with Yugoslavia. In 1936, Ethiopia was conquered following the Second Italo-Ethiopian War and merged into Italian East Africa (AOI) with Eritrea and Somalia. In 1939, Italian forces annexed Albania. Between 1936 and 1939, Mussolini ordered an intervention in Spain in favour of Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War. At the same time, Mussolini initially tried to retain much of the Versailles status quo by sending troops to the Brenner Pass to delay Hitler's Anschluss, and taking part in the Treaty of Lausanne, the Lytton Report, the Four-Power Pact and the Stresa Front. However, he ultimately alienated the democratic powers as tensions grew in the League of Nations, which he left in 1937. Now hostile to France and Britain, Italy formed the Axis alliance with Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan.

The wars of the 1930s, although victorious, had cost Italy enormous resources, leaving the country unprepared for the upcoming Second World War. Therefore, when Poland was invaded on 1 September 1939, Mussolini declared Italy's non-belligerence. However, on 10 June 1940, believing that Allied defeat was imminent, he decided to join the war on the side of Germany to share the potential spoils of victory. But after three more years of world war, the tide of the conflict turned in favour of the Allies. Following the invasion of Sicily and a motion of no confidence by the Grand Council of Fascism, King Victor Emmanuel III dismissed Mussolini as head of government and placed him in custody (25 July 1943). After the king agreed to an armistice with the Allies, on 12 September 1943 Mussolini was rescued from captivity in the Gran Sasso raid by German paratroopers and Waffen-SS commandos. After meeting with his fallen ally, Hitler made Mussolini the figurehead of a puppet state in German-occupied northern Italy, the Italian Social Republic (Salò Republic), which served as a collaborationist regime of the Germans in their fight against the Allies, now including the Kingdom of Italy, and the Italian resistance.

In late April 1945, with Allied victory imminent, Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci attempted to flee to Switzerland, but they were captured by Italian communist partisans and summarily executed on 28 April near Lake Como, and their bodies were strung up by the heels outside a service station in Milan.

Filmography

all 117

Movies 105

self 105

TV Shows 12

Writer 2

Self (archive footage)
Le Siècle des icônes

Le Siècle des icônes (2022)

TV
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
Amsterdam

Amsterdam (2022)

Movie
8.5
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
Marx Can Wait

Marx Can Wait (2021)

Movie
Self - Politician (archive footage)
Words for an End of the World

Words for an End of the World (2020)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
All Against All

All Against All (2019)

Movie
Self - Politician (archive footage)
The Phoney War

The Phoney War (2019)

Movie
Играет самого себя (archive footage)
Игант

Игант (2019)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Hitler–Stalin Pact

The Hitler–Stalin Pact (2019)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
The House That Jack Built

The House That Jack Built (2018)

Movie
7.2
Self (archive footage)
Agnelli

Agnelli (2017)

Movie
6
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
Vedete, sono uno di voi

Vedete, sono uno di voi (2017)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
Laissez-faire

Laissez-faire (2015)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
Propaganda

Propaganda (2013)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
World War II in Colour

World War II in Colour (2009)

TV
6
Himself (archive footage)
The Athlete

The Athlete (2009)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
I Could Never Be Your Woman

I Could Never Be Your Woman (2007)

Movie
6.38
Self (archive footage)
Fascism in Colour

Fascism in Colour (2006)

Movie
Himself (archive footage)
Days That Shook the World

Days That Shook the World (2003)

TV
Self (archive footage)
The Corporation

The Corporation (2003)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Tramp and the Dictator

The Tramp and the Dictator (2002)

Movie
Self (with Nobile)
Frosset hjerte

Frosset hjerte (1999)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
Death Scenes 2

Death Scenes 2 (1992)

Movie
self (archive footage)
Courage and Mercy

Courage and Mercy (1986)

TV
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
A Special Day

A Special Day (1977)

Movie
6
Self (archive footage)
Hitler: A Career

Hitler: A Career (1977)

Movie
ArchiveFootage
Fascista

Fascista (1974)

Movie
Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
More Than a Game

More Than a Game (1974)

TV
Self (archive footage)
A Wall in Jerusalem

A Wall in Jerusalem (1968)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
The Girls

The Girls (1968)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
Rita the Field Marshal

Rita the Field Marshal (1967)

Movie
ArchiveFootage
Puppets

Puppets (1964)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
To Arms, We Are Fascists!

To Arms, We Are Fascists! (1962)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
Herrliche Zeiten

Herrliche Zeiten (1950)

Movie
Self (archive footage)
Crusade in Europe

Crusade in Europe (1949)

TV
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
Monsieur Verdoux

Monsieur Verdoux (1947)

Movie
1
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
December 7th

December 7th (1943)

Movie
Self (archive footage) (uncredited)
The Roaring Twenties

The Roaring Twenties (1939)

Movie
6
Self (archive footage)
The Fight For Peace

The Fight For Peace (1939)

Movie

Ratings

Average 5.98
Based on 361 Thousand movie and tv ratings over time
1922
1961
1998
1964
2024

Information

Known For
Acting

Gender
Male

Birthday
1883-07-29

Deathday
1945-04-28 (61 years old)

Birth Name
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini

Birth Place
Predappio, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Height
1.69-meter

Relationships
Rachele Mussolini (1915-12-16 - 1945-04-28), Clara Petei (1932-01-01 - 1945-04-28), Ida Dalser (1914-01-01 - 1915-01-01)

Children
Romano Mussolini, Edda Mussolini, Anna Maria Mussolini, Vittorio Mussolini, Bruno Mussolini, Benito Albino Dalser

Father
Alessandro Mussolini

Mother
Rosa Maltoni

Siblings
Arnaldo Mussolini, Edvige Mussolini

Relatives
Galeazzo Ciano, Alessandra Mussolini, Romano Floriani Mussolini

Citizenships
Italian Social Republic, Kingdom of Italy

Residences
Palazzo Venezia, Italy

Awards
Order of Solomon, Victory Medal, Order of the Liberator, Order of the Quetzal, Collar of the Imperial Order of the Red Arrows, Grand Cross of Naval Merit with white badge, Order of Skanderbeg, Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius, Order of the Roman Eagle, Cross of Liberty, Order of Lāčplēsis, Order of the Elephant, Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Goethe-Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft, Royal Order of the Seraphim, Order of the Crown of Italy, Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Order of the Chrysanthemum, Colonial Order of the Star of Italy, Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, Order of the Bath, Order of the White Eagle, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Order of the Southern Cross, Order of the German Eagle, Military Order of the Tower and Sword, Order of the Golden Spur, Order of the Star of Nepal, Cross of Vytis, National Order of Merit Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, Military Order of Italy, Knight grand cross of the order of the crown of Italy, Grand Cross of the Military Order of the Tower and Sword, Grand Collar of the Military Order of the Tower and Sword, Grand cross of the Order of the White Lion, Honorary doctor of the University of Lausanne

This article uses material from Wikipedia.

Last updated:

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