Karl Struss

Karl Struss

Known for: Camera
Biography: 1886-11-30
Deathday: 1981-12-15 (95 years old)

Biography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Karl Struss, A.S.C. (November 30, 1886 – December 15, 1981) was an American photographer and a cinematographer of the 1900s through the 1950s. He was also one of the earliest pioneers of 3-D films. While he mostly worked on films, such as F. W. Murnau's Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans and Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator and Limelight, he was also one of the cinematographers for the television series Broken Arrow and photographed 19 episodes of My Friend Flicka.


In 1919, after his discharge from WWI, he moved to Los Angeles and signed on with Cecil B. DeMille as a cameraman, initially for the film For Better, For Worse starring Gloria Swanson, followed by another Swanson film Male and Female and leading to a two-year contract with the studio In early 1921, he married Ethel Wall, who helped to support him in his photographic work independent of the film studios, which included pictorial views set in California In the 1920s, Struss worked on such films as Ben-Hur and F. W. Murnau's Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans. In 1927, he contracted with United Artists, where he worked with D. W. Griffith on such films as Drums of Love and also filmed Mary Pickford's first talking film Coquette. He continued his experimental work with camera technology, developing the "Lupe Light" and a new bracket system for the Bell & Howell camera.


From 1931 through 1945, Struss worked as a cameraman for Paramount, where he worked on a variety of material including films featuring Mae West, Bing Crosby, and Dorothy Lamour Struss also aimed to shape the field through publishing; for example, in 1934 he authored "Photographic Modernism and the Cinematographer" for American Cinematographer. Struss was later admitted to the American Society of Cinematographers, and was a founding member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts. In 1949, while working as a freelancer, he began his work in "stereo cinematography", becoming one of the first proponents of that art form. Unfortunately, he did most of his 3D film work in Italy and none of his films were subsequently released in 3D in the United States.


Struss's photographic archive of exhibition prints, film stills, negatives and papers (3 linear feet of materials) is available at the Amon Carter Museum of American Art located in Fort Worth, Texas.

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Filmography

all 116

Movies 116

Director 32

Cinematographer
Counterplot

Counterplot (1959)

Movie
Director of Photography
The Alligator People

The Alligator People (1959)

Movie
9
Cinematographer
The Rebel Set

The Rebel Set (1959)

Movie
Cinematographer
Here Come the Jets

Here Come the Jets (1959)

Movie
Cinematographer
Machete

Machete (1958)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Hot Angel

The Hot Angel (1958)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Fly

The Fly (1958)

Movie
5.95
Cinematographer
The Rawhide Trail

The Rawhide Trail (1958)

Movie
Director of Photography
The Deerslayer

The Deerslayer (1957)

Movie
Cinematographer
She Devil

She Devil (1957)

Movie
Director of Photography
Kronos

Kronos (1957)

Movie
6
Cinematographer
Mohawk

Mohawk (1956)

Movie
Camera Operator
Attila

Attila (1954)

Movie
Cinematographer
Poverty and Nobility

Poverty and Nobility (1954)

Movie
Director of Photography
Two Nights with Cleopatra

Two Nights with Cleopatra (1954)

Movie
Director of Photography
Funniest Show on Earth

Funniest Show on Earth (1953)

Movie
Director of Photography
Neapolitan Turk

Neapolitan Turk (1953)

Movie
Cinematography
Mesa of Lost Women

Mesa of Lost Women (1953)

Movie
Director
Domenica a Capri

Domenica a Capri (1953)

Movie
Cinematographer
Limelight

Limelight (1952)

Movie
3.33
Cinematographer
Rose of Cimarron

Rose of Cimarron (1952)

Movie
Cinematographer
Lady Possessed

Lady Possessed (1952)

Movie
Director of Photography
Tarzan's Peril

Tarzan's Peril (1951)

Movie
Cinematographer
Father's Wild Game

Father's Wild Game (1950)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Texan Meets Calamity Jane

The Texan Meets Calamity Jane (1950)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Return of Jesse James

The Return of Jesse James (1950)

Movie
Cinematographer
It's a Small World

It's a Small World (1950)

Movie
Cinematographer
Rocketship X-M

Rocketship X-M (1950)

Movie
4
Cinematographer
Call of the Forest

Call of the Forest (1949)

Movie
Cinematographer
Bad Boy

Bad Boy (1949)

Movie
Director of Photography
Tarzan's Magic Fountain

Tarzan's Magic Fountain (1949)

Movie
Director of Photography
Siren of Atlantis

Siren of Atlantis (1949)

Movie
Cinematographer
Hello Out There

Hello Out There (1949)

Movie
Director of Photography
The Dude Goes West

The Dude Goes West (1948)

Movie
Director of Photography
The Macomber Affair

The Macomber Affair (1947)

Movie
Cinematographer
Mr. Ace

Mr. Ace (1946)

Movie
Cinematographer
Suspense

Suspense (1946)

Movie
Cinematographer
Tarzan and the Leopard Woman

Tarzan and the Leopard Woman (1946)

Movie
5.6
Cinematographer
Bring on the Girls

Bring on the Girls (1945)

Movie
Cinematographer
Rainbow Island

Rainbow Island (1944)

Movie
Cinematographer
And the Angels Sing

And the Angels Sing (1944)

Movie
Director of Photography
Riding High

Riding High (1943)

Movie
Cinematographer
Journey into Fear

Journey into Fear (1943)

Movie
Director of Photography
Aloma of the South Seas

Aloma of the South Seas (1941)

Movie
Cinematographer
Caught in the Draft

Caught in the Draft (1941)

Movie
Director of Photography
The Great Dictator

The Great Dictator (1940)

Movie
5
Director of Photography
The Star Maker

The Star Maker (1939)

Movie
Director of Photography
Island of Lost Men

Island of Lost Men (1939)

Movie
Cinematographer
Some Like It Hot

Some Like It Hot (1939)

Movie
Director of Photography
Zenobia

Zenobia (1939)

Movie
Cinematographer
Paris Honeymoon

Paris Honeymoon (1939)

Movie
Cinematographer
Thanks for the Memory

Thanks for the Memory (1938)

Movie
Cinematographer
Sing, You Sinners

Sing, You Sinners (1938)

Movie
Cinematographer
Every Day's a Holiday

Every Day's a Holiday (1937)

Movie
Cinematographer
Thunder Trail

Thunder Trail (1937)

Movie
Director of Photography
Mountain Music

Mountain Music (1937)

Movie
Cinematographer
Go West Young Man

Go West Young Man (1936)

Movie
Director of Photography
Let's Make a Million

Let's Make a Million (1936)

Movie
Cinematographer
Hollywood Boulevard

Hollywood Boulevard (1936)

Movie
Cinematographer
Too Many Parents

Too Many Parents (1936)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Preview Murder Mystery

The Preview Murder Mystery (1936)

Movie
Director of Photography
Two for Tonight

Two for Tonight (1935)

Movie
Cinematographer
Goin' to Town

Goin' to Town (1935)

Movie
Director of Photography
Here Is My Heart

Here Is My Heart (1934)

Movie
Cinematographer
Belle of the Nineties

Belle of the Nineties (1934)

Movie
Cinematographer
Four Frightened People

Four Frightened People (1934)

Movie
Director of Photography
Torch Singer

Torch Singer (1933)

Movie
Cinematographer
Disgraced!

Disgraced! (1933)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Story of Temple Drake

The Story of Temple Drake (1933)

Movie
Director of Photography
The Woman Accused

The Woman Accused (1933)

Movie
Cinematographer
Tonight Is Ours

Tonight Is Ours (1933)

Movie
Cinematographer
Island of Lost Souls

Island of Lost Souls (1932)

Movie
4
Director of Photography
The Sign of the Cross

The Sign of the Cross (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
Guilty as Hell

Guilty as Hell (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Man from Yesterday

The Man from Yesterday (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
Forgotten Commandments

Forgotten Commandments (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
The World and the Flesh

The World and the Flesh (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
Dancers in the Dark

Dancers in the Dark (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
Two Kinds of Women

Two Kinds of Women (1932)

Movie
Cinematographer
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931)

Movie
6.17
Cinematographer
The Road to Reno

The Road to Reno (1931)

Movie
Cinematographer
Murder by the Clock

Murder by the Clock (1931)

Movie
Cinematographer
Up Pops the Devil

Up Pops the Devil (1931)

Movie
Director of Photography
Skippy

Skippy (1931)

Movie
Cinematographer
Kiki

Kiki (1931)

Movie
Cinematographer
Danger Lights

Danger Lights (1930)

Movie
6
Cinematographer
Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln (1930)

Movie
Cinematographer
Zampa

Zampa (1930)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Bad One

The Bad One (1930)

Movie
Cinematographer
One Romantic Night

One Romantic Night (1930)

Movie
9
Director of Photography
Be Yourself!

Be Yourself! (1930)

Movie
Cinematographer
Lummox

Lummox (1930)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Taming of the Shrew

The Taming of the Shrew (1929)

Movie
Cinematographer
Coquette

Coquette (1929)

Movie
6
Cinematographer
The Battle of the Sexes

The Battle of the Sexes (1928)

Movie
Director of Photography
Night Watch

Night Watch (1928)

Movie
Director of Photography
Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans (1927)

Movie
4.63
Cinematographer
Babe Comes Home

Babe Comes Home (1927)

Movie
Cinematographer
Forever After

Forever After (1926)

Movie
Director of Photography
Sparrows

Sparrows (1926)

Movie
Cinematographer
Hell's Four Hundred

Hell's Four Hundred (1926)

Movie
Director of Photography
Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ

Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1925)

Movie
6
Cinematographer
The Winding Stair

The Winding Stair (1925)

Movie
Cinematographer
White Man

White Man (1924)

Movie
Cinematographer
Poisoned Paradise

Poisoned Paradise (1924)

Movie
Cinematographer
Maytime

Maytime (1923)

Movie
Cinematographer
Poor Men's Wives

Poor Men's Wives (1923)

Movie
Cinematographer
Thorns and Orange Blossoms

Thorns and Orange Blossoms (1922)

Movie
Director of Photography
Minnie

Minnie (1922)

Movie
Cinematographer
Fools First

Fools First (1922)

Movie
Cinematographer
Saturday Night

Saturday Night (1922)

Movie
Cinematographer
Law and the Woman

Law and the Woman (1922)

Movie
Cinematographer
Fool's Paradise

Fool's Paradise (1921)

Movie
Cinematographer
The Affairs of Anatol

The Affairs of Anatol (1921)

Movie
Cinematographer
Forbidden Fruit

Forbidden Fruit (1921)

Movie
Cinematographer
Something to Think About

Something to Think About (1920)

Movie

Ratings

Average 5.24
Based on 434 Thousand movie and tv ratings over time
1920
1930
1936
1931
1959
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Information

Known For
Camera

Gender
Male

Birthday
1886-11-30

Deathday
1981-12-15 (95 years old)

Birth Place
New York City, United States of America

Citizenships
United States of America

Also Known As
Carlo Struss, Karl O. Struss

Awards
Academy Award for Best Cinematography


This article uses material from Wikipedia.
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